A detailed analysis of the molecular structural data and infrared absorption and Raman spectra of the hexafluoride of sulfur, selenium, tellurium, molybdenum, technetium, ruthium, rhodium, tungsten, thenium, osmium, iridium, platinum, uranium, neptunium, and plutonium has been made. These molecules, having the greatest number of symmetry elements of all existing molecules, possess an octahedral symmetry with the symmetry point group Oh. They give rise to six fundamental frequencies of which three are allowed in the Raman spectrum, two are allowed in the infrared absorption spectrum, and one is inactive. The inactive mode in normally determined from the overtones and combinations. On the basis of a rigid rotator and harmonic oscillator model, enthalpy, free energy, entropy, and heat capacity for temperatures from 200 °K to 2000 °K have been computed for these molecules. The results are briefly discussed and compared with available experimental data.