We report on measurements of the proton spin T 1 relaxation dispersion at various temperatures in the nematic phase of the liquid crystal MBBA in the Larmor frequency range from 2 kHz to 270 MHz, which exceeds previous studies by more than 3 orders of magnitude. The new results cannot be interpreted in terms of either order fluctuations or self-diffusion as recently proposed by Doane et al. 1 and Blinc et al. 2 , respectively. Instead, the dispersion and its temperature dependence indicate the significance of at least three relaxation mechanisms, namely order fluctuations (OF), self-diffusion (SD) and rotation of the molecular ellipsoids about the short axis (R). The combined OF-SD-R model presented in this work allows a quantitative analysis of the experimental findings! The correlation times and activation energies of the three molecular reorientations evaluated from the T 1 dispersion by means of a computer optimization procedure are in essential agreement with data provided by other spectroscopic methods [light scattering, tracer technique, dielectric relaxation], but differ from former NMR conclusions.