EXAFS measurements were performed with amorphous T 80 M 20 (T=Fe,Co, Ni; M=B,P). For the interpretation of the EXAFS spectra it was necessary also to compare them with spectra obtained from crystalline specimes with known atomic arrangement and with similar chemical composition such as the alloys Fe 2 B, CO 3 B, Ni 3 B as well as Fe 3 P, CO 3 P, and Ni 3 P. As a radiation source the Ag-target of a rotating anode X-ray generator (6 kW) was used. The spectra were obtained using a flat LiF-(220) monochromator. The specimens were kept at 80 K and thus thermal effects could be reduced. The EXAFS spectra of the amorphous alloys and those of the corresponding crystalline compounds of the type T 3 M show among each other a relatively great similarity. The greatest similarity exists in the case of the Ni-and Co-alloys. The amorphous alloys based on iron however show larger discrepancies with respect to the corresponding crystalline ones, where the greatest deviation occurs with the compound Fe 2 B. The Fourier transforms show such similarities too. The EXAFS spectra of the crystalline elements Fe. Co, and Ni as well as their Fourier transforms evidently show differences compared to the amorphous specimens and to the T 3 M compounds. The similarities observed between the amorphous alloys and the corresponding crystalline specimens of the T 3 M-type together with their large discrepancies with respect to the pure metals led to the conclusion that the local structure in the amorphous alloys is in considerable accordance with that of the corresponding T 3 M-compound.