3,6-Diaryl-1,2-dithiines and their precursors, (Z,Z)-1,4-bis(organylthio)-buta-1,3-dienes, are investigated by 1 H and 13 C NMR spectroscopy. The chemical shifts and coupling constants, which are relevant to the investigated problem, are determined and assigned, respectively, by different techniques (shift increments, spectrum simulation, heteronuclear 2D J-resolved and heteronuclear shift correlated 2D NMR spectra, anomalous off-resonance splittings and selective decoupling experiments). The NMR parameters are discussed in relation to the molecular structure. The 13 C shift values prove the ring structure of 1,2-dithiines and exclude existence of the valence isomer (Z)-but-2-ene-1,4-dithione (absence of thiocarbonyl resonances). The vicinal 1 H, 1 H coupling constants of the C 4 unit of the investigated compounds verify (1) the (Z,Z) configuration of the organylthio groups in 1,4 position of butadiene, (2) the s-transoid conformation of acyclic butadienes and (3) the forced s-cis structure in the cyclic 1,2-dithiines.