Termiglaucescin ( 1 ), a new triterpene glucoside, has been isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the root bark of Terminalia glaucescens Planch. ex Benth, together with 11 known compounds, β -D-glucopyranosyl 2 α ,3 β ,6 β -trihydroxy-23-galloylolean-12-en-28-oate ( 2 ), arjunglucoside I ( 3 ), sericoside ( 4 ), arjungenin ( 5 ), sericic acid ( 6 ), arjunetin ( 7 ), chebuloside II ( 8 ), 3,3′,4-tri- O -methylelagic acid ( 9 ), 3,3′-di- O -methylelagic acid ( 10 ), β -sitosterol ( 11 ) and stigmasterol ( 12 ). Compounds 2 , 3 , 7 , 8 and 9 are reported from the plant for the first time. The structures of the isolated compounds were characterized by spectroscopic data interpretations, especially 1D and 2D NMR. The triterpenic isolates showed potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.