Subscribe to Open
Following the successful pilot project for the journal Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis in 2021, we are further expanding our Subscribe to Open (S2O) offer. Starting in 2023, a total of 16 journals from the humanities and social sciences portfolio will be available in the Subscribe to Open model:
- ABI Technik
- Arbeit (S2O from 2023)
- Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis
- Frühmittelalterliche Studien
- Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik (S2O from 2023)
- Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte / Economic History Yearbook
- Journal of Literary Theory
- Quellen und Forschungen aus italienischen Archiven und Bibliotheken
- Soziologische Revue
- Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte (S2O from 2023)
- Zeitschrift für Soziologie
- Zeitschrift für Tourismuswissenschaft (S2O from 2023)
- ZFW - Advances in Economic Geography
Subscribe to Open (S2O) was developed by the US publisher Annual Reviews to enable the open access transformation of established journals by using their existing subscriptions to convert to OA. Since then, the number of publishers offering this transformative approach and engaging in the S2O Community of Practice has continued to grow.
The subscribing institutions that know and value a journal continue to subscribe as usual (either in print or electronically), and in return, the publisher grants unlimited access to all readers and free OA publishing for all authors.
As long as subscribers continue to subscribe to the journal, the current volume is published in open access under a Creative Commons license. If the number of subscribers falls below a set value for two years in a row, the paywall is reactivated, which means only existing subscribers have access. This mechanism ensures the long-term financing and economic viability of the journal in open access.
Subscribe to Open offers advantages for all parties in scholarly publishing:
- Authors publish their article in an established – now open access – journal without having to pay for it themselves.
- As paying subscribers, libraries retain guaranteed access to the journal through their subscription and support its open access transformation without any additional administrative effort or cost.
- Booksellers continue to organize journal subscriptions for their customers in the usual way and therefore, unlike in the APC-funded open access transformation models like Publish & Read, remain important players in the academic publishing system.
Subscribe to Open enables a complete open access transformation of academic journals with full transparency, little disruption and no additional costs. The model represents a fair and equal approach to transformation since all authors can publish in the journal of their choice, irrespective of whether their affiliated institution has funding for OA publishing.
FAQ: Subscribe to Open (S2O)
In the following, you can find the most frequently asked questions.
Subscribe to Open is a model that enables the complete, immediate open access transformation of journals on a yearly basis using the existing subscription base while incurring no publication fees for authors.
Subscribe to Open was developed by the US publisher Annual Reviews for the open access transformation of well-established journals, which was successfully implemented for a subset of its titles.
The subscribing institutions that know and value the journals continue to subscribe as usual (either in print or electronically), and in turn, the publisher grants unlimited access to all readers and free OA publishing for all authors.
As long as a sufficient number of subscribers continue to subscribe to the journal, the current volume is published open access under a Creative Commons license.
If the number of subscribers falls below a set value, the paywall is reactivated, which means only existing subscribers have access. This mechanism ensures the long-term financing and economic viability of the journal in open access.
By renewing your subscription, whether in print or digital, you support the project and hence the open access transformation.
Nothing changes for you. In addition, you make an important contribution to opening up the publishing ecosystem, accelerating scientific exchange, and enabling free open access publishing for everyone.
If you have not yet subscribed to one of the journals and wish to support the project, please contact your regional sales manager.
Your existing subscription will help to convert a valuable journal to OA, and hence contributes to the opening of the publishing ecosystem.
Only the continuation of your subscription will guarantee your access to the current volume of the respective journal.
Unlike APC-funded open access and transformation models like Publish & Read, Subscribe to Open allows you to continue to organize journal subscriptions for your customers and hence maintain your business.
If not enough subscribers continue to subscribe to the participating journals in support of the Subscribe to Open model, the paywall is reactivated, which means that the current volume remains gated and only existing subscribers have access to it.
Usually, in the Subscribe to Open model, the minimum number of subscriptions required for a successful transformation is not published, and this is also the case in the current transformation projects.
This has primarily to do with complex and globally very different subscription structures and conditions in the journal sector.
Many journals are purchased nationally and internationally by different institutions and consortia, distributed in packages, and subscribed to individually - in different media forms: Print, Online, Print+Online.
A purely numerical summation of all existing subscriptions is therefore not meaningful. Instead, the different types of subscriptions must be bundled and evaluated according to their structure and included in the overall analysis, which also considers fluctuations that are customary in the market.
The threshold value is therefore made up of subscription structures that must be evaluated differently and can not be communicated as a general reference value. For this reason, publishers do not publish the threshold value set for their S2O projects.
Yes, if you subscribe to a collection or journal package that includes the journals, you support the Subscribe to Open project and hence the open access transformation of the journals.
The conditions of your agreement remain unchanged.
If the open access transformation is successful, all articles will be published under a Creative Commons license.
FAQs: Subscribe to Open (S2O) for authors
In the following, you can find the most frequently asked questions by authors.
Information on the submission process can be found on the individual journal's page in the "Submit" section or in the Supplementary Material (Overview section).
If the open access transformation is successful, a Creative Commons 4.0 license will be assigned. Information on the individual licenses that are used can be found on the webpages of the respective journals.
Our experience with the S2O model so far has been positive, so we expect that subscribers will continue to support the S2O model in the future and thus enable the Open Access publication of your article. Nevertheless, there is no Open Access guarantee under this transformation model. If the S2O transformation of the journal is not successful, Green Open Access rules (also called "self-archiving") will take effect, which allows you to archive your article on your own website or in an institutional repository. More information can be found here. If you have to fulfill certain funding requirements (for example Plan-S conformity), please contact Corinna Mayer.
You would like more general information regarding Subscribe to Open? Please allow us to recommend the following links:
Do you have any further questions about our Subscribe to Open program?
We look forward to hearing from you!
For questions about the pilot project and the transformation model, please contact Corinna Mayer.
If you would like to support the project by subscribing to one of the journals, or if have questions about your existing subscription, please contact your regional Sales Manager.