This paper presents a novel controller for DFIG based wind parks, designed to achieve more efficient voltage regulation, reactive power compensation and to enhance the transient stability margin of the interconnected power system. The supervisory-secondary voltage control is used to generate the local voltage reference, providing an improved overall voltage profile, while combining an automatic gain controller (AGC) to improve the transient response of the primary control loop. The controller is implemented and tested with a power system comprising of a lumped, fundamental frequency model of a DFIG based wind park, and hydro and diesel generators connected to the electric grid. The performance of the controller was investigated for both steady-state improvements as well as under extreme contingencies to demonstrate its benefits.
This paper presents Three novel error driven dynamic controllers for the Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) Facts device to stabilize both Wind Energy Conversion stand alone systems (SWECS) as well as hybrid scheme of wind plus small hydro with employing self excited induction generator. The unified AC system of standalone wind energy conversion scheme and hybrid wind/small hydro scheme are connected to a hybrid electric load. Three novel error driven dynamic controllers are validated for the STATCOM as a voltage stabilization scheme. Two novel controller are error driven dynamic controllers with auxiliary tracking control loop. The first controller is tri loop dynamic error driven controller using the RMS Load bus voltage, RMS-Load Current and the instantaneous AC load power. The second controller is DC voltage dynamic tracking controller using the dc link capacitor voltage. The third dynamic controller is based on the decoupled (d-q) current control strategy, namely the direct and quadrature current component for the STATCOM current. The dynamic response results demonstrated the effectiveness of the STATCOM-Facts device in stabilizing both AC wind energy system and the hybrid wind/hydro scheme by ensuring effective generator/load bus voltage regulation and dynamic reactive power compensation under load, wind and other prime mover excursions.