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  • Autor: Paulo Sérgio Pereira da Silva x
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Abstract

This paper presents an intrinsic differential algebraic framework for considering feedback in nonlinear control systems. In particular, filtrations of differential field extensions are shown to be useful for the definition of state feedback and the interpretation of two algorithms, namely the Structure Algorithm and the Dynamic Extension Algorithm, wellknown in the context of control theory. This difierential algebraic approach allows defining quasi-static state feedback.

Abstract

The input-output decoupling problem and the disturbance decoupling problem are solved using the general feedback setting introduced in E. Delaleau and P. S. Pereira da Silva, Filtrations in feedback synthesis: Part I – Systems and feedbacks, Forum Math. 10 (1998) 147–174. Necessary and sufficient rank conditions are supplied, showing that endogenous state feedback is sufficiently general in order to solve these problems for generalized dynamics. The deffnitions of feedback of the first part of the paper are extended for considering the disturbed case, i.e., the case where dynamics are influenced by disturbances. For classical dynamics, most commonly considered in the literature, quasi-static state feedback is in fact rich enough for solving these problems. This kind of feedback, which is in between the static and the general dynamic feedback, does not require the integration of any differential equation.

Abstract

Freshwater is an essential natural resource for humanity, however, its quality has been compromised as a result of natural and anthropogenic interference. The objective of the present study was to determine the Bascarán Water Quality Index (WQIB) for the Tamanduá stream in the municipality of Aparecida de Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil, and relate it to the limits established by CONAMA resolutions nº 357 [] and nº 274 [], for Class 2 freshwater bodies. The study was carried out at three sampling points proximate to urban parks, with samples collected in both the dry and the rainy seasons with the measurement of flow. The physical, chemical and biological parameters were analyzed as recommended in Standard Methods []. Parametric descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. The WQIB results classified the water as acceptable (24%), normal (48%), improper (20%) and unpleasant (8%), with turbidity, DO and total coliforms responsible for decreased WQIB in the rainy season. The parameters pH, apparent color and DO do not conform with CONAMA resolution nº 357 [] while water resources for bathing were classified as excellent according to CONAMA resolution nº 274 [].