Unbleached and bleached kraft pulps and holocellulose prepared from softwood were totally soluble in 8% LiCl/1,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolidinone (LiCl/DMI). The solutions were analyzed by size exclusion chromatography with photodiode array and multi-angle laser light scattering detection (SEC-PDA-MALLS). The mobile phase consisted of 1% LiCl/DMI. The degree of polymerization (DP) and DP distribution of the softwood kraft pulps were determined, as well as the DP distribution of residual lignins based on their UV-VIS absorption patterns. Changes in DP for kraft pulps after a conventional bleaching sequence were evaluated, and the residual lignins were analyzed in the same way. Approximately half of the residual lignin in unbleached and bleached kraft pulps was present in polysaccharide fractions with high DP, which represented approximately 90% of the total yield. Some characteristic differences in the UV-VIS absorption pattern were observed between kraft pulps bleached with oxygen and chlorine. DP, DP distribution of polysaccharides, and distribution of residual lignin were clearly different for unbleached kraft pulp, unbleached sulfite pulp, and holocellulose. An unbleached kraft pulp prepared from hardwood showed different properties to the corresponding softwood preparation. The UV-VIS absorption patterns due to residual lignins were also very characteristic for the various pulps and holocellulose.