The spout-fluid bed (SFB) is a very successful synthesis of the spouting and fluidization. The hydrodynamics of SFB are more complex than both fluidized beds and spouted beds. Up-to-date information on the fundamentals and applications of SFBs has been briefly presented, based on the limited work reported, in the new spouted bed book edited by Norman Epstein and John R. Grace (Spouted and spout-fluid beds: fundamentals and applications, 2011). In the past three years, nearly 30 papers have been published in international journals. They reported interesting studies on hydrodynamic characteristics, numerical simulations and new applications of SFBs. This article reviews the major research and development on SFB from the year 2010 and recommends further research topics. This review is intended not only as an important supplement to the SFB chapter of the spouted bed book but also helpful guidance for future research.
A quantity of steel rolling sludge (SRS) produced in the rolling mill is harm to the environment and difficult to dispose. This article is devoted to study on utilization of SRS in sintering process. A sinter pot system with capacity of 75 kg was established. The sintering time, the flue gas temperature, the sintering temperature and the suction pressure in sintering process were measured. Besides the sinter quality, air pollutants discharged from the sintering process with the mass fraction of SRS ranging from 0 to 3% was investigated. The results showed that the CO2 concentration is corresponding to the sintering process, the SO2 concentration has a self-sustaining characteristic and the NOX concentration maintains stability. Increase in mass fraction of SRS leads to the decrease of sintering temperature, particle size, tumbler index and basicity of the sinter. Besides, the sintering time and the average concentration of NOX decrease first and then increase, while the suction pressure appears an opposite trend with increasing mass fraction of SRS. Moreover, the average concentration of CO2 and SO2 both decrease with increasing mass fraction of SRS, and the fuel consumption per sinter produced is the least when the mass fraction of SRS is 2%. Therefore, when the mass fraction of SRS was 2%, the sintering process had the best performance in consideration of sinter quality, emission of air pollutants and behaviors in sintering process.