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  • Author: Eduardo E. Castellano x
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The crystal structure of [Cu(sac)2(nic)2(H2O)] (sac = saccharinate anion; nic = nicotinamide) has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with Z = 4 and the Cu(II) ion presents a CuN4O square pyramidal coordination. Some comparisons with related structures are made and the most important features of its IR spectrum were also discussed.


The crystal structures of [M(nic)2 (H2O)4](sac)2 (nic = nocotinamide; sac = saccharinate anion) with M = Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II), have been determined at 116 K by single-crystal X-ray diffractometry. The compounds crystallize in the triclinic space group P1̅ with Z = 1, and the M(II) cations present a slightly distorted MN2O4 octahedral environment, with equatorially coordinated water molecules and axially pyridine N-bound nicotinamide ligands. The saccharinate anions act as counteranions, and are not part of the first coordination sphere. Some comparisons with related structures have been made and the most important features of their IR spectra discussed.

The crystal structures of heptamethylenediammonium bis(saccharinate) monohydrate, [H3N - (CH2)7 -NH3](sac)2・H2O (1) and octamethylenediammonium bis(saccharinate) hemihydrate, [H3N- (CH2)8-NH3](sac)2・0.5H2O (2), were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Compound 1 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1̄ with 2 molecules per unit cell, and 2 in the monoclinic space group P21/a with Z = 4. The saccharinate moiety is planar in both compounds presenting bonding characteristics comparable to those found in other saccharinate salts. The ionic crystals are further stabilized by an extensive H-bonding network, which links the anions and cations into an infinite three-dimensional supramolecular assembly. The FTIR spectra of the adducts are briefly discussed in comparison with those of the constituent molecules.

Two new Cu(II) complexes of stoichiometry [Cu(L-dipept)], containing as ligands the dipeptides L-alanine-L-valine and L-alanine-L-phenylalanine were prepared. They were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffractometry, and infrared and electronic spectroscopy. Both crystallize in the orthorhombic space group P212121 with Z = 4. The Cu(II) ion has essentially the same elongated pyramidal coordination, being equatorially cis coordinated by a N2O2 arrangement of ligand atoms and axially by a carbonyl oxygen atom. The compounds show rather similar polymeric structures that differ from each other basically in the dihedral angle between adjacent N2O2 planes. The infrared and electronic spectra are briefly discussed on the basis of the structural characteristics of the complexes. Superoxide dismutase-like activity was tested for both compounds.

The molecular structure of diosgenone, a natural steroidal sapogenin, closely related to diosgenin and isolated from Solanum nudum, was solved by single crystal X-ray diffractometry at 120 K and refined by full-matrix least-squares to an agreement factor, R1 = 0.054. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21, with a = 15.1870(4) Å , b = 7.2710(2) Å , c = 21.2840(6) Å , β= 99.251(1) °, and four molecules in the unit cell (Z = 4). The results constitute the first structural report on a steroidal sapogenin from the diosgenin group.


Three new acesulfamate salts, NaC4H4NO4S, RbC4H4NO4S and CsC4H4NO4S, were prepared by reactions in aqueous solutions and thoroughly characterized. Their crystal and molecular structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. They crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/a with a = 7.2518(2), b = 8.9414(4), c = 10.5929(4) Å, β = 99.951(3)°, V = 676.52(4) Å3 for the Na salt; a = 7.4663(3), b = 9.6962(4), c = 10.4391(4) Å, β = 95.150(3)°, V = 752.68(5) Å3 for the Rb salt and a = 7.5995(4), b = 9.9439(4), c = 10.8814(6) Å, β = 91.298(5)°, V = 822.08(7) Å3 for the Cs salt, and Z = 4 molecules per unit cell. The three compounds are isotypic to each other and to the previously reported potassium salt. The metal ions are in irregular polyhedral coordination with six neighboring acesulfamate anions through their nitrogen and carbonyl and sulfoxide oxygen atoms. The FTIR spectra of the compounds were also recorded and are briefly discussed.