Ribs effects on the heat transfer performance and cooling air flow characteristics in various aspect ratios () U-shaped channels under different working conditions are numerically investigated. The ribs angle and channel orientation are 45° and 90°, respectively, and the aspect ratios are 1:2, 1:1, 2:1. The inlet Reynolds number changes from 1e4 to 4e4 and rotational speeds include 0, 550 rpm, 1,100 rpm. Local heat transfer coefficient, endwall surface heat transfer coefficient ratio and augmentation factor are the three primary criteria to measure channel heat transfer. Ribs increase the heat transfer area and improve heat transfer coefficient of ribbed surfaces significantly, especially in the 1st pass, while the endwall surface contributes more to channel heat transfer because of the larger area and relatively smaller heat transfer coefficient. The wide channel (=2:1) owns the better augmentation factor than the narrow channel (=1:2) and ribs heat transfer weight increases with an increase of the inlet Reynolds number. Rotating slightly reduces the ribs heat transfer weight in channel and the trailing surface in 1st pass is the main influence object of rotating.
The numerical simulations are used to conduct the comparative study of pin-fins cooling channel and multi-impingement cooling channel on the heat transfer and flow, and to design the multi-impingement channel through the parameters of impinging distance and impingement-jet-plate thickness. The Reynolds number ranges from 1e4 to 6e4. The dimensionless impinging distance is 0.60, 1.68, 2.76, respectively, and the dimensionless impinging-jet-thickness is 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, respectively. The endwall surface, pin-fins surface, impinging-jet-plate surface are the three object surfaces to investigate the channel heat transfer performance. The heat transfer coefficient and augmentation factor are selected to measure the surface heat transfer, and the friction coefficient is chosen to evaluate the channel flow characteristics. The impinging-jet-plate surface owns higher heat transfer coefficient and larger area than pin-fins surface, which are the main reasons to improve the heat transfer performance of multi-impingement cooling channel. Reducing the impinging distance can improve the endwall surface heat transfer obviously and enhance impingement plate surface heat transfer to some extent, decreasing the thickness of impinging-jet-plate can significantly increase its own heat transfer coefficient, which both all increase the cooling air flow loss.