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  • Author: Jian-Guo Ning, x
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Abstract

Basic assumptions are introduced into a homogenization theory which is described in the form of elliptic differential equations with a small parameter. Homogenization operators are used to solve the equations by asymptotic expansion methods, and error estimates of homogenization solutions are given.

Abstract

Objective

This study is aimed at exploring the role of TUFT1 in osteosarcomas.

Methods

We investigated the expression of TUFT1 in osteosarcoma cell lines and explored the correlation between TUFT1 expression and prognosis in osteosarcoma patients based on the expression data downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) website. The effects of TUFT1 on osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion were investigated by silencing TUFT1 in osteosarcoma MG63 cell line. Finally, western blot was performed to determine the expression changes of MAPK signaling pathway related proteins after silencing TUFT1.

Results

We found that the expression of TUFT1 was significantly up-regulated in osteosarcoma cell lines compared with the normal control. Using Kaplan-Meier analysis, we identified that high TUFT1 expression was positively correlated with poor prognosis in osteosarcoma patients. Furthermore, knockdown of TUFT1 remarkably inhibited MG63 cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Using western blot analysis, we found that the phosphorylation levels of MEK and ERK were reduced obviously in MG63 cells after silencing TUFT1 (p<0.01).

Conclusions

Our results demonstrated that TUFT1 plays a promoting role in MG63 cell proliferation and metastasis and has the potential to be a predictor as well as a therapeutic target for osteosarcoma patients.

Abstract

This paper employs differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to investigate the reactions of hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) binder and isophorone isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) with two different cure catalysts, namely, dibutyl tin dilaurate (DBTDL) and stannous octanoate (TECH). This study evaluates the effects of two cure catalysts (i.e. DBTDL and TECH) on rate constants of the polyurethane cure reactions. Throughput the study, the kinetic parameters and the curing reaction rate equations are obtained. The present work concludes that both catalysts had a catalytic effect on the HTPB-IPDI system, but that the catalytic effect of DBTDL was higher than that of TECH. The binder system with the TECH catalyst displayed a longer pot-life and lower toxicity compared with the DBTDL. Additionally, this study investigates the binder system’s viscosity build-up at 35°C and the viscosity build-up results were in agreement with the DSC analysis results.