In this work, the rolling process was employed to fabricate polylactic acid/multi-walled carbon nanotube (PLA/MWCNT) composites at room temperature. The effects of the rolling conditions on the mechanical and electrical properties of the fabricated composites were investigated. The evolution processes of the internal molecular structures, i.e. changes in molecular orientation and crystallinity, were examined by X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and density method. The results suggested that the molecular orientation improved; however, the crystallinity decreased when the rolling ratio increased. The analysis of the mechanical properties revealed that the rolled composites displayed anisotropy during the rolling process. In the rolling direction, after adding 1 wt.% MWCNTs, the tensile strength increased from 58.6 to 94.3 MPa with the rolling ratio, whereas the fracture strain sharply increased to 131.5% at the rolling ratio of 60%. In addition to the mechanical properties, electrical resistivity was also investigated; notably, this property was not significantly affected by the rolling process. Furthermore, the MWCNT dispersion and morphology were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. These findings offer a simple and effective method to fabricate conductive composites with excellent mechanical properties.
Four polycarbonate (PC)-based composites with 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 wt.% raw multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared using extrusion process followed by injection molding. The effects of MWCNT mass fraction (W) on composite mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties were examined. The mechanical properties suggested that the tensile strength of the composites with 2.5 wt.% raw MWCNTs exhibited an increase of ~5 MPa (~8.6%) at a particular injection condition. Besides, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that the addition of 1 wt.% MWCNTs improved the thermal stability of PC by approximately 100°C. Aside from mechanical and thermal properties, the electrical resistivity of the 5 wt.% raw MWCNT composites was considerably decreased to 102 Ω/sq, a value approximately 15 orders of magnitude lower than that of PC. Furthermore, the effects of injection conditions on composite electrical properties were emphatically discussed, and it was found that electrical resistivity was sensitive to injection temperature and speed. Low electrical resistivity was achieved at high injection temperature and low injection speed. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that electrical resistivity relied on the microstructure of the prepared MWCNT/PC composites.
Two-dimensional material tungsten diselenide (WSe2) nanosheets are coated on a microfibre knot resonator (MKR) to achieve an all-optical power modulation functionality. On account of the strong absorption property of WSe2 and the resonance enhancement properties of MKR, the transmitted optical power of signal light within the WSe2-based MKR can be effectively modulated. The sensitivities of light–control–light experiments with 405- and 660-nm lasers are as high as 0.32 and 0.12 dB/mW, respectively. The sensitivities and power tuning can be enhanced by a higher resonance Q and a larger extinction ratio of MKR. In terms of the response time, the average rise and fall times are 3.5/3.7 and 3.5/4 ms with 405- and 660-nm lasers, respectively. This proposed structure is expected to achieve potential applications in all-fibre-optic–based tunable device such as optical modulator, detector, and so on.
Second harmonic generation (SHG) with a material of large transparency is an attractive way of generating coherent light sources at exotic wavelength range such as VUV, UV and visible light. It is of critical importance to improve nonlinear conversion efficiency in order to find practical applications in quantum light source and high resolution nonlinear microscopy, etc. Here an enhanced SHG with conversion efficiency up to 10−2% at SH wavelength of 282.7 nm under 11 GW/cm2 pump intensity via the excitation of anapole in lithium niobite (LiNbO3, or LN) nanodisk through the dominating d33 nonlinear coefficient is investigated. The anapole has advantages of strongly suppressing far-field scattering and well-confined internal field which helps to boost the nonlinear conversion. Anapoles in LN nanodisk is facilitated by high index contrast between LN and substrate with properties of near-zero-index via hyperbolic metamaterial structure design. By tailoring the multi-layers structure of hyperbolic metamaterials, the anapole excitation wavelength can be tuned at different wavelengths. It indicates that an enhanced SHG can be achieved at a wide range of pump light wavelengths via different design of the epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) hyperbolic metamaterials substrates. The proposed nanostructure in this work might hold significances for the enhanced light–matter interactions at the nanoscale such as integrated optics.