A World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was first proposed by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), a United Nations (UN) body, in 1998. The summit was formally endorsed by the UN General Assembly in December 2001. A series of regional planning meetings were held in 2002 and 2003 in several countries around the world. A “Preparatory Committee” process (PrepCom) began in July 2002 with an inaugural meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. Unlike many other UN summit processes, WSIS was planned in two phases. The first phase was held in Geneva 10–12 December 2003 and the second phase held in Tunis 16–18 November 2005. The perspectives of the global library, museum and archive communities are discussed along with summit purposes, outcomes, unresolved issues (Internet governance and funding mechanisms) and a look at the implementation of the Plan of Action by governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector in the coming years.