Sevoflurane was frequently used as a volatile anesthetic in cancer surgery. However, the potential mechanism of sevoflurane on lung cancer remains largely unclear. In this study, lung cancer cell lines (H446 and H1975) were treated by various concentrations of sevoflurane. 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assessment and colony formation assay were performed to detect the cell viability and proliferation, separately. Also, transwell assay or flow cytometry assay was applied as well to evaluate the invasive ability or apoptosis in lung cancer cells, respectively. Western blot assay was employed to detect the protein levels of β-catenin and Wnt5a. Moreover, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to examine the expression level of prostate cancer-associated transcript 6 (PCAT6) and miR-326 in lung cancer tissues and cells. The target interaction between miR-326 and PCAT6 or Wnt5a was predicted by bioinformatics analysis and verified by the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Sevoflurane inhibited the abilities on viability, proliferation, invasion, and activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, but promoted apoptosis of H446 and H1975 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of PCAT6 was increased in lung cancer tissues and cells, except for that of miR-326. Besides, sevoflurane could lead to expressed limitation of PCAT6 or improvement of miR-326. This process presented a stepwise manner. Up-regulation of PCAT6 restored the suppression of sevoflurane on abilities of proliferation, invasion, rather than apoptosis, and re-activated the Wnt5a/β-catenin signaling in cells. Moreover, the putative binding sites between miR-326 and PCTA6 or Wnt5a were predicted by starBase v2.0 software online. PCAT6 suppressing effects on cells could be reversed by pre-treatment with miR-326 vector. The promotion of Wnt5a inverted effects led from miR-326 or sevoflurane. Our study indicated that sevoflurane inhibited the proliferation, and invasion, but enhanced the apoptosis in lung cancer cells by regulating the lncRNA PCAT6/miR-326/Wnt5a/β-catenin axis.
Experiments were performed on a closed loop self-exciting mode oscillating flow heat pipe (SEMOS HP) with uniform and non-uniform structures under the same tested conditions. The heat transfer characteristics are analyzed by comparing the temperature of wall of the heat pipe and output power when the heat input of the electric heating board and heating position are changed. The result shows that the heat transfer rate could be improved by using a non-uniform structure under low or middle heat input, and it gives the highest heat transfer performance when the non-uniform diameter section is at the bottom of the heat pipe and the heating source located below the non-uniform section.
Vortex field in photonic metamaterials has been revealed in recent years, which provides an extra degree of freedom to control the behavior of electromagnetic waves, such as the unidirectional propagation in topological metamaterials and orbital angular momentum multiplexing in optical fibers. Achieving topologically protected unidirectionality needs an external source either with a vortex index of m = ±1 (i.e. 2πm phase winding around phase singularity) or with a spin index of ±1 (i.e. right- or left-handed circular polarization). However, it is still an open question on the relationship between higher-order (|m | > 1) vortex field and topological metamaterials. Here, we study the excitation of valley bulk states by a source with a higher-order vortex index in Kagome photonic crystals. The selection rule for the excitation of valley bulk states is derived and can be applied to predict the selective excitation of valley bulk states by a source with a higher-order vortex index. Interestingly, we find that the Fourier spectrum and the averaged Fourier spectrum of the Ez component enable us to identify the vortex index of the source. Besides, it is shown that the unidirectional edge states can be excited by a source with a vortex index of 1 or 2 in a straight or 120° detour waveguide. Our work paves the way for the demonstration of the selection rule and may have potential applications in optical mode identification.
Aegilops longissima (2n = 2x = 14, SlSl), has extensive allelic variations of glutenin subunits that are considered as useful gene sources for wheat quality improvement. The Chinese Spring 1Sl(1B) chromosome substitution line CS-1Sl(1B)showed superior dough properties and breadmaking quality due to the introgression of novel glutenin subunits encoded by 1Sl genome. In this study, we identified one novel 1Sl-encoded low molecular weight glutenin B-subunit 1SlLMW-s from CS-1Sl(1B). Its complete encoding sequences were isolated and designated as 1SlLMW-s with 960 bp encoding 318 amino acid residues. Molecular characterization demonstrated that the deduced 1SlLMW-s subunit had a rather large and regular repeated sequence domain, including a high proportion of glutamine residues (about 44%) in the repeats (consensus sequence PPFSQQQQ). A total of 31 SNPs were detected at different positions of encoding sequences. The secondary structure prediction revealed higher β-strand and α-helix content present in 1SlLMW-s. Phylogenetic tree revealed that 1SlLMW-s had close evolutionary relationship with other s-type low molecular weight glutenin subunit (LMW-GSs) genes from different Triticum and Aegilops genomes, which was divergent from LMW-s type gene subfamily at 3.92–5.23 million years ago (MYA). LMW-GSs play a key role in improving breadmaking quality. Abundant expression and specific structural features could contribute to superior gluten quality, including larger and more regular repeated domain, higher proportion of glutamine residues and higher β-strand and α-helix content. This could facilitate the formation of stronger dough structure and superior breadmaking quality. Our work demonstrated that Sl genome had potential glutenin gene resources, and particularly 1SlLMW-s gene could be useful for wheat quality improvement
A unique 3D fourfold interpenetrated metal-organic framework, [Co(L)(H2O)2]・H2O (1), has been synthesized by the solvothermal reaction of H2L with Co(NO3)2・6H2O (H2L = 5-(isonicotinamido) isophthalic acid). Compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c, with the cell parameters: a = 81301(8), b = 107711(11), c = 167697(16) Å , β = 92.656(2) °, V = 14669(3) Å3, R1 = 0.0325 and wR2 = 0.0833. Its framework has (10,3)-b topology, where the cobalt atoms are alternately bridged by the pyridyl and the carboxylate groups of the L2− ligands into a three-dimensional network. Compound 1 displays antiferromagnetic interactions. Above 40 K, χm −1 obeys the Curie- Weiss law with C = 3.28 emu Kmol−1 andΘ = −0.66 K.