Complexing behaviour of three dihydroxybenzenes (DHB) namely, hydroquinone, resorcinol and catechol with Th(IV) along with their protonation constants were studied in 1 M NaClO4 medium at 23 ± 0.5 °C, using pH titration technique. Both protonation and metal-ligand equilibrium constants of dihydroxybenzenes were computed using advance software suite of program HYPERQUAD. Logarithmic values of overall protonation constants (log β1H and log β2H) were found to be 11.47 ± 0.05 and 21.45 ± 0.06, for hydroquinone, 11.76 ± 0.04 and 20.98 ± 0.04 for resorcinol and 12.58 ± 0.03 and 21.87 ± 0.08 for catechol respectively. Complex formation has been investigated in the pH range 2 to 4. The logarithmic values of metal-ligand equilibrium constants obtained in the present work were β13-1=48.51 ± 0.67 and β14-1=64.86 ± 1.25 for hydroquinone, β110=16.98 ± 0.16, β13-1=46.46 ± 0.18 and β14-2=59.65 ± 0.20 for resorcinol and β11-1=14.06 ± 0.10 for catechol. The literature values were reviewed.
The determination of fluoride from diverse matrices at front and back end of nuclear technology and some studies from this laboratory on optimizations of different experimental parameters differing with multiple fuels and reactor materials, have been reviewed. The most useful techniques such as fluoride ion selective electrode (F-ISE) and ion-chromatography (IC) widely adopted as routine methods for fluoride determination in nuclear industry have been discussed. The effect of various buffer strengths on the response of the fluoride ion selective electrode has been examined. The ion chromatographic studies on mobile phase concentration, medium of sample, sample injection volume etc. to get distinct fluoride peak within optimum time in presence of other anionic species in diverse concentrations have been reported. The results of various sample matrices such as UO2, PuO2, (U,Pu)O2, Pu-alloy, thoria, zircaloy, slag, HLLW, LLLW etc., analyzed after matrix separation using pyrohydrolysis setup, for both solid and liquid samples and without matrix separation by masking potentially interfering ions of liquid samples, have been presented.