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  • Author: Rodney Ast x
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Abstract

Ostraka from the 2009 season at Berenike on the Red Sea coast record the delivery of fresh water to the port, which did not have a local supply, in camel-loads of wine amphoras. The sources were evidently forts 7.2–8.5 km distant. Three of these ostraka refer to the deliverers (identifiable from other ostraka as camelitai from Coptos) as “those from the endelechisterion of the supreme god Kronos.” The derivation and meaning of this term, the identification of Kronos with Geb, and the organization of the water supply are explored.