The use of the diamine rac-trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane (LL) as a major component of the solvent system allows the isolation of crystalline silver complexes with higher ratios of LL to silver (up to 4 : 1, compared to the previously obtained 1 : 1 in ethanolic solution). The complexes obtained and crystallographically characterized were (LL)2AgNO3 (1), (LL)3Ag(OAc)(H2O)2 (2) and (LL)4AgBr(H2O)3 (3). Additionally, the silver-free compounds (LL)・(H2O) (4) and (LL)3・HCl (5) were obtained as by-products. Complex 1 is a chain polymer with one bridging and one terminal LL ligand; the chains are homochiral. Complex 2 contains isolated [(LL)3Ag]+ cations with one chelating and two monodentate ligands. Complex 3 contains dimeric [(LL)2AgBr]2 units; the additional LL molecules are not coordinated to the metal. Compound 5 consists of one diamine with imposed twofold symmetry, one half-protonated diamine in which the acidic hydrogen site is half-occupied (it is involved in a disordered hydrogen bond N-H・ ・ ・N across a twofold axis) and a chloride anion on a twofold axis. In all five structures, the components pack so as to form clearly defined hydrophilic and hydrophobic areas. In the former, classical hydrogen bonds are formed. Except for a few borderline cases of three-center bonds, these are all two-center systems. The appreciable number of these (e. g. 20 for compound 3) renders the layer structures quite complex, but in most cases they can be analyzed in terms of smaller units.
We present the preliminary results of the ongoing investigation of the obsidian from the Bronze Age village of San Vincenzo, Stromboli, Aeolian Islands, for the purpose of providing technological and typological characterization, and also provenance of the raw material, the latter with non-destructive p-XRF. Regarding provenance, the source of the raw material is likely to be neighbouring Lipari. It was transported to Stromboli and used mostly in a highly opportunistic manner and for the production of blade(let), non-bladelike tools (mainly scrapers) and micro bladelets. The obsidian distribution around the site shows concentration in both domestic and production areas.