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  • Author: Shu-Wen Sun x
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Abstract

Two coordination polymers, {[Co(bipmo)(tbip)]·3H2O}n (1) and {[Cd(bipmo)(tbip)]·3H2O}n (2) (bipmo=bis(4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)methanone, H2tbip=5-tert-butylisophthalic acid), were synthesized by solvothermal methods and structurally characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The results from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data indicate that the solid state structures of 1 and 2 consist of metal-aromatic carboxylate layers, which are pillared by weak interactions to generate a three-dimensional network. The topological structures of 1 and 2 are uninodal nets based on 3-connected nodes with the Schläfli symbol of {63}.

Abstract

C30H32CuF6N4O4S2, monoclinic, P21/n (no. 14), a = 13.209(5) Å, b = 8.715(3) Å, c = 14.599(5) Å, β = 92.217(5)°, V = 1679.3 Å3, Z = 2, Rgt(F) = 0.0509, wRref(F2) = 0.1683, T = 296 K.

Abstract

Two Mn(II) complexes, {[Mn(BIPMO)2Cl2] · 2(H2O)}n (1) and {[Mn(BIPMO)2(SCN)2] · 2(CH3OH)}n (2) (BIPMO = bis(4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)methanone) with V-shaped BIPMO ligands, were synthesized and characterized by IR spectroscopy and elemental analyses along with their single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. The Mn(II) ions in 1 and 2 are both six-coordinated to four nitrogen atoms of four BIPMO ligands and two anions (Cl for 1, and SCN for 2) to form a distorted octahedral geometry.

Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) two-fold interpenetrated coordination polymer, {[Cd(bipmo)(bpda)]·1.25(H2O)}n (1), (bipmo = bis(4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)methanone, H2bpda = 1,1ʹ-biphenyl-2,2ʹ-dicarboxylic acid), was synthesized by a solvothermal method. It has been characterized by elemental analyses, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The topological structure of 1 consists of uninodal dia nets with two-fold penetration. The thermal stability and the luminescence properties of complex 1 were investigated.

We analyzed nuclear-localized plastid-like DNA (nupDNA) fragments in protozoa, metazoa and fungi. Most eukaryotes that do not have plastids contain 40-5000 bp nupDNAs in their nuclear genomes. These nupDNA fragments are mainly derived from repeated regions of plastids and distribute through the whole genomes. A majority of nupDNA fragments is located on coding regions with very important functions. Similar to plastids, these nupDNAs most possibly originate from cyanobacteria. Analysis of them suggests that through millions of years of universal endosymbiosis and gene transfer they may have occurred in ancient protists before divergence of plants and animals/fungi, and some transferred fragments have been reserved till now even in modern mammals.

Abstract

The volatile composition of six Chinese sugarcane varieties has been analyzed by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) method coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 40 volatile compounds were identified by the optimized HS-SPME procedure. It was found that the sugarcane juice from Daheixiong variety contained the highest amount of volatile compounds (108.48 mg/L), followed by Tai 22 (90.13 mg/L), 94128 (87.19 mg/L), Gui 00122 (80.16 mg/L), Yue 00236 (79.43 mg/L) and Taiyou (22.54 mg/L). Ethyl alcohol, limonene, hexanol, (s)-2-heptanol and acetic acid were the most abundant compounds present in sugarcane juice. Interestingly, these compounds were also selected by principal component analysis (PCA) to discriminate the sugarcane juices in terms of their varieties. Overall, the identification of aromatic compounds in sugarcane juice could provide useful information for determining sugarcane varieties and be used as a reference for choosing the suitable sugarcane variety as raw material for producing other product, like rums.

Abstract

Two new copper(II) complexes, {[Cu(bipmo)(npa)]}n (1) and {[Cu(bipmo)(pa)]}n (2) (bipmo=bis(4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)methanone), were synthesized by solvothermal methods and structurally characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The results from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data indicate that the solid state structures of 1 and 2 consist of neutral metal aromatic carboxylate layers, which are pillared by the weak interactions to generate 3D architectures. The topological structures of 1 and 2 are uninodal nets based on 4-connected nodes with the Schläfli symbol of (65·8).

Abstract

A new copper(II)/lead(II) complex [(terpy)3CuPb5Br12] (1) (terpy = 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine) has been synthesized and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The copper(II) and lead(II) ions in the title complex are in distorted six- (Cu(II), Pb(II)) and eight-fold (Pb(II)) coordination environments, in which the donor atoms are provided by bromide anions and nitrogen atoms of the 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine ligands. Complex 1 contains [(terpy)4Pb9Br20]2– building blocks. These bromoplumbate(II) clusters are connected by (terpy)2Cu2Br4 units along the crystallographic b axis and by PbBr6 units along the a axis, thereby forming an extended sheet structure.