Today's life is not insulated from different kinds of “change.” Change is also experienced in organizations as a somehow daily process. Academic libraries are organizations which need to be active in confrontation with “change” because of their essential role in education and research. These libraries could be more successful in meeting users' information needs, if they manage change in a planned manner. In this regard, Iranian academic libraries are not exceptional. They are faced with pressures from their internal and external environments, which make it essential for them to respond and implement necessary changes. In order to assist these libraries in overcoming challenges stemming from change and improving the change management capacity in libraries, this article aims to select an appropriate change management model for Iranian academic libraries. After reviewing the literature, finding and selecting basic change models including Kotter's Change Model, Penfold's Information Services Framework for Managing Change, and Curzon's Cycle of Change, a research questionnaire was designed and answered by a group of experts using the consensus method. The results were analyzed by Multiple Attribute Decision Making (MADM) techniques including Technique for Order- Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) and Simple Additive Weighting Method (SAWM). Penfold's Information Services Framework for Managing Change received the highest scores from the application of both techniques. It is concluded that Penfold's Information Services Framework for Managing Change could be applied as an appropriate change model in the context of Iranian academic libraries.
Theses and dissertations as the main products of the process of research at graduate and post-graduate levels are among the most important scientific documents of any country. By themselves, in combination, or in comparison with data from other sources of information, the set of data from such documents can provide a new source of information which is highly valuable from scientific and managerial points of view. However, a review of the related literature indicates that there is no uniform model which can incorporate all the various dimensions of these documents. The present article reports on the results of a study carried out to construct a comprehensive model to describe and analyze the information on theses and dissertations. To this end, the research problem is initially defined, followed by a literature review. The article continues with a description of the research method which involves the Delphi Method and a feasibility test. The study resulted in the identification of a total of 184 describable and analyzable items of information on theses and dissertations and their relevant information. The information items were classified into three categories including information on theses and dissertations, information related to them, and mixed information, all of which are discussed in terms of 12 different aspects.