Infectious diseases, especially those caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria, are becoming a serious problem worldwide because of the lack of effective therapeutic agents. Moreover, most antifungal drugs exhibit low efficacy and high toxicity because of the similarity between fungal and human cells. These issues warrant the search for potential new agents.
To synthesize potent 2-(2-iodophenylimino)-5-arylidenethiazolidin-4-one derivatives, improve the synthetic process, elucidate their structures, and determine their antimicrobial activity.
2-Iodoaniline was used as an initial reactant in a 3-step process for the synthesis of 2-(2-iodophenylimino)-5-arylidenethiazolidin-4-one derivatives, including an acylation reaction, a cyclization reaction, and aldol condensation reactions. The structures of the obtained derivatives were investigated and elucidated using spectral methods. Antimicrobial activity toward 5 bacterial strains and 2 fungal strains was determined using Kirby–Bauer and agar dilution methods.
We successfully synthesized 12 novel compounds and elucidated their structures. The derivatives had no antifungal activities. By contrast, they showed remarkable antibacterial activities. Some of them with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ≤8 μg/mL in both Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus.
A simple and flexible way to synthesize new compounds with a thiazolidin-4-one ring was determined. Some of these new compounds have outstanding effects with low MICs for bacteria. Their further investigation as therapeutic agents is warranted.
This paper studies on the dependence of the mean nearest neighbor distance, the Young modulus E, the bulk modulus K, the rigidity modulus G and the elastic constants C11, C12, C44 on temperature, pressure, the concentration of substitution atoms and the concentration of interstitial atoms for alloy AuCuSi (substitution alloy AuCu with interstitial atom Si) with FCC structure by the way of the statistical moment method (SMM). The numerical results for alloy AuCuSi are compared with the numerical results for main metal Au, substitution alloy AuCu, interstitial alloy AuSi, other calculated results and experiments.
African swine fever (ASF) was officially reported in Vietnam in February 2019 and spread across the whole country, affecting all 63 provinces and cities.
Material and Methods
In this study, ASF virus (ASFV) VN/Pig/HaNam/2019 (VN/Pig/HN/19) strain was isolated in primary porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) cells from a sample originating from an outbreak farm in Vietnam’s Red River Delta region. The isolate was characterised using the haemadsorption (HAD) test, real-time PCR, and sequencing. The activity of antimicrobial feed products was evaluated via a contaminated ASFV feed assay.
Phylogenetic analysis of the viral p72 and EP402R genes placed VN/Pig/HN/19 in genotype II and serogroup 8 and related it closely to Eastern European and Chinese strains. Infectious titres of the virus propagated in primary PAMs were 106 HAD50/ml. Our study reports the activity against ASFV VN/Pig/HN/19 strain of antimicrobial Sal CURB RM E Liquid, F2 Dry and K2 Liquid. Our feed assay findings suggest that the antimicrobial RM E Liquid has a strong effect against ASFV replication. These results suggest that among the Sal CURB products, the antimicrobial RM E Liquid may have the most potential as a mitigant feed additive for ASFV infection. Therefore, further studies on the use of antimicrobial Sal CURB RM E Liquid in vivo are required.
Our study demonstrates the threat of ASFV and emphasises the need to control and eradicate it in Vietnam by multiple measures.