Fourier transform near infrared (NIR) spectra combined with chemometric methods was proposed to the analysis of the crude protein and fat contents in whole-kernel soybean. The calibration models were established by partial least square. After optimizing spectral pre-treatment, the determination coefficient (R2) of the crude protein and fat were 0.971, 0.970, and root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) were 0.610, 0.365，respectively. For the prediction samples of the crude protein and fat, root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) were 0.766, 0.420, respectively. The analytical results showed that NIR spectra had significant potential as a rapid and nondestructive method for the crude protein and fat contents in soybean.
Objective To investigate folate-receptor 1 (FOLR1) expression in ovarian cancer and its association with patient prognosis.
Methods TCGA and Oncomine databases were used to collect data about FOLR1 mRNA expression in multiple carcinomas. FOLR1 mRNA expression levels in ovarian cancer samples and corresponding adjacent normal ovary tissue were compared. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the STRING database of FOLR1 and relevant genes. The overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) rates of ovarian cancer patients in high- and low- FOLR1 expression groups were compared by log-rank test. Sixty-six ovarian epithelial carcinoma samples were included in the study, and tumor specimens of the 66 cases were tested for FOLR1 protein expression by an immunohistochemistry assay.
ResultsFOLR1 mRNA was significantly elevated in ovarian cancer compared to other carcinomas. FOLR1 mRNA expression levels were significantly higher in tumor tissues than in the corresponding normal tissues (P<0.05) of ovarian cancer patients. The PPI network indicated that the local clustering coefficient was 0.898, indicating that the PPI network was enriched significantly (P<0.05). The median PFS values were 22.39 and 19.00 months for lowand high-FOLR1 expression groups, respectively, with significant statistical difference between the two (HR=1.26, 95%CI:1.09-1.45, P<0.05). FOLR1 protein expression was correlated with tumor differentiation (P<0.05) in ovarian cancer patients. However, its levels were not correlated with patient age, tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis or FIGO stage (P>0.05).
ConclusionFOLR1 is upregulated in epithelial ovarian cancer, and its expression is correlated with patients’ progression free survival, making it a valuable biomarker for prognosis.
We aimed to investigate the CXCL13 concentration of the serum and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative latent syphilis patients with treatment failure and explore the change in CXCL13 after treatment. Sixty-eight latent syphilis patients with treatment failure (failure group), 68 syphilis patients with successful treatment (seroconversion group) and 18 patients with non-inflammatory diseases of the nervous system (control group) were included and serum and CSF were collected. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to detect the CXCL13 in the serum and CSF. Results showed that the serum CXCL13 concentration was comparable among three groups, and the CSF leukocyte count, IgG index and CXCL13 concentration in the failure group were significantly higher than those in the seroconversion group and control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). CSF CXCL13 concentration in the failure group was positively related to the CSF leukocyte count (r = 0.3594, P < 0.001). Of the 68 patients in the treatment failure group, neurosyphilis was found in 17 (25.0%). In conclusion, involvement of nervous system is one of the reasons for the treatment failure in patients with latent syphilis. Detection of CSF CXCL13 concentration is helpful for the diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation of HIV-negative latent syphilis patients with treatment failure and neurosyphilis.
A new ceramide, named hygrophamide (1), was isolated from the fruiting bodies of the basidiomycetes Hygrophorus eburnesus Fr.. The structure of the compound was elucidated as (2S, 3S, 4R, 2’R)-2-(2’-hydroxy-9’Z-ene-tetracosanoylamino)-octadecane- 1,3,4-triol (1) by spectral and chemical methods.
Epoxy resin (ER)/micron-aluminum particles (MP) composites with different filling concentration of spherical particles were fabricated. The nonlinear conductive behavior of ER/MP composites under increasing applied voltage using the improved V-I method was investigated. Under sufficient high intensity applied constant voltage, the obvious conductive switching behavior of samples with volume fraction 12.7%, 16.9% and 18.9% was found. The conductivity of ER/MP composites increase up to 3–4 orders of magnitude when the conductor-insulator transition occurs. The switching threshold voltage decreases with the increase of volume fraction of MP in the composites. The results show that the ER/MP composites with conductive switching properties are of great potential application in electromagnetic protection of electron devices and systems.
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), a serious disease leading to neonatal death, is becoming a key area of pediatric neurological research. Despite remarkable advances in the understanding of HIE, the explicit pathogenesis of HIE is unclear, and well-established treatments are absent. Animal models are usually considered as the first step in the exploration of the underlying disease and in evaluating promising therapeutic interventions. Various animal models of HIE have been developed with distinct characteristics, and it is important to choose an appropriate animal model according to the experimental objectives. Generally, small animal models may be more suitable for exploring the mechanisms of HIE, whereas large animal models are better for translational studies. This review focuses on the features of commonly used HIE animal models with respect to their modeling strategies, merits, and shortcomings, and associated neuropathological changes, providing a comprehensive reference for improving existing animal models and developing new animal models.
The influence of the additive β-Si3N4 on the formation and oxidation of Si4Al2O2N6 during the sintering of Al, Si, and Al2O3 powders under flowing nitrogen atmosphere was examined. An increasing molar percentage of β-Si3N4 was shown to alter the morphology of Si4Al2O2N6 from a fiber-like to a rod-like structure and also shortened the time needed to form a dense, continuous oxide layer, which served as a barrier to the diffusion of O2. An optimal molar percentage of β-Si3N4 of 29.9 mol% was discovered, at which the grain growth was enhanced, and the surface area was, in turn, reduced, yielding superior resistance to oxidation. Our results provided a theoretical basis for the formation of β-SiAlON and demonstrated the potential of its use in high-temperature oxidizing environments.
Quercetin-germanium (Ge) (IV) complex was synthesized in the laboratory. The structure and physicochemical properties of the complex were characterized utilizing thermal and spectroscopic (UV-vis, IR and 1H NMR) analysis. The antitumor activity of quercetin-Ge (IV) compound was evaluated by the MTT method. The complex was subjected to biological tests in vitro using four tumor cell lines (PC-3, Hela, EC9706 and SPC-A-1). The quercetin-Ge (IV) complex showed significant cytotoxicity against four tumor cell lines.