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181 Digital Repositories: Not Quite at Your Fingertips NANCY JOHN University of Illinois at Chicago, United States The digital repository is a key technology used by today’s li- braries to collect, organize, archive and make accessible elec- tronic files of different types. This paper argues that while the vision of the role of the digital repository has grown sharper and more articulate, the actual practical outcome has not met the hyperbole. Building blocks continue to be developed, but user access to repositories is still in its early

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Abstract Developing preservation pro- cesses for a trusted digital reposi- tory will require the integration of new methods, policies, stand- ards, and technologies. Digital repositories should be able to preserve electronic materials for periods at least comparable to existing preservation methods. Modern computing technology in general is barely fi fty years old and few of us have seen or used digital objects that are more than ten years old. While tradi- tional preservation practices are comparatively well-developed, lack of experience and lack of

produced digital editions. The search feature, including advanced searching options, provides users the opportunity to analyze a large database of Syriac texts in ways that have never before been possible. It is hoped that as the project continues to develop, scholars and readers of Syriac texts will find new ways to use and analyze the data the DSC has collected and published. As an open-access digital repository, the DSC can also serve as a tool for the preservation of the Syriac language, not only for scholars who study the Syriac tradition, but also for the

2.The business of digital repositories Alma Swan 2.1 Overview It will be surprising if there are any tertiary-level research-based or teaching institutions in Europe that do not have a digital repository within a few years. Worldwide, repositories have been increasing at an average rate of about one per day over the last year or so and this can be expected to gather pace further. The reasons for having a repository are so compelling, the advantages so obvious, the payoff so potentially large, that no institution seriously intent upon its mission, and upon

6. Services created on top of the digital repositories Chapter 6 summary Search engines Via which channels is the digital repository searchable/accessible? It ap- pears that over 50% of the participating digital repositories are search- able via general Internet search engines such as Google, Yahoo or MSN, via OAIster and via Google Scholar. All other search engines or portals access less than 50% of the participating digital repositories. It has to be emphasised that these findings reflect the answers of the respondents to the questionnaire and not actual

7. Stimulants and inhibitors for maintaining digital repositories Chapter 7 summary Factors influencing repositories In two questions, the respondents were asked to select the three most important stimulants for the development of their digital repository and the three most important inhibitors out of 14 factors. More than 25% of the respondents listed as the most important sti- mulants for the development of digital repositories: (1) the increased visibility for the publications of the academics; (2) a simple and user- friendly depositing process; (3) awareness

Open Access Digital Repositories from Latin America and the Caribbean as Resources for Social Science Libraries1 María E. Dorta-Duque Director of Scientific and Technical Information, Higher Institute of Inter- national Relations (ISRI) (Cuba) and Dominique Babini Area Information Coordinator, CLACSO, University of Buenos Aires (Ar- gentina) … identify and overcome some of the obstacles that prevent the opportunity to participate actively in the global scientific discus- sion while helping their country or region to solve problems of national and


To address archaeology’s most pressing substantive challenges, researchers must discover, access, and extract information contained in the reports and articles that codify so much of archaeology’s knowledge. These efforts will require application of existing and emerging natural language processing technologies to extensive digital corpora. Automated classification can enable development of metadata needed for the discovery of relevant documents. Although it is even more technically challenging, automated extraction of and reasoning with information from texts can provide urgently needed access to contextualized information within documents. Effective automated translation is needed for scholars to benefit from research published in other languages.