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urban heat island by day and night. Photogrametric Engineering & Remote Sensing 71, 613-621. DOI: 10.14358/pers.71.5.613 OGIMET 2016. http://www.ogimet.com/gsynres.phtml.en Oke, T.R. 1976. The distinction between canopy and boundary layer urban heat islands. Atmosphere 14, 268-277. Oke, T.R. 1988. Street design and urban canopy layer climate. Energy and Buildings 11, 103-113. DOI: 10.1016/0378-7788(88)90026-6 OMSZ (Hungarian Meteorological Service) 2016. http://met.hu/eghajlat/ Péczely Gy. 1979. Éghajlattan (Climatology). Nemzeti Tankönyvkiadó, Budapest, 324 p. (In

References: ALCOFORADO, M. J., ANDRADE, H. (2006): Nocturnal urban heat island in Lisbon (Portugal): main features and modeling attempts. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84(1–3): 151–159. ARNFIELD, A. J. (2003): Two decades of urban climate research: a review of turbulence, exchanges of energy and water, and the urban heat island. International Journal of Climatology, 23(1): 1–26. BOTTYÁN, Z., KIRCSI, A., SZEGEDI, S., UNGER, J. (2005): The relationship between built-up areas and the spatial development of the mean naximum urban heat island in Debrecen

of the predictive model. The minimum-temperature areas for Pipistrellus nathusii wintering were characterized by −2.5°C ( Figure 4 ) and the species occurrence probability strongly increases in areas with the mean temperature above this value. Figure 4: Thermal niche expressed as an inflection point in relationships between predictive occurrence of P. nathusii and the mean temperature of the coldest quarter. Discussion Temperature restricted winter distribution and the effect of urban heat islands: urban habitat bias? Pipistrellus nathusii has been proved to

References ANPM, (2018). Calitate Aer Rețeaua Națională de Monitorizare a Calității Aerului (RNMCA) [WWW Document]. URL http://www.calitateaer.ro/public/home-page/?__locale=ro Arnfield, a. J., (2003). Two decades of urban climate research: a review of turbulence, exchanges of energy and water, and the urban heat island. Int. J. Climatol. 23, 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.859 Chapman, S., Watson, J.E.M., Salazar, A., Thatcher, M., McAlpine, C.A., (2017). The impact of urbanization and climate change on urban temperatures: a systematic review. Landsc. Ecol. 32

MISCELLANEA GEOGRAPHICA WARS2AWA 1998 Vol. 8 Jolanta Wawer DEPENDENCE OF THE URBAN HEAT ISLAND ON THE ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION TYPES Increased air temperature constitutes the basic feature of the urban climate. This phenomenon, referred to as the urban heat island, is charac- terized by a specific daily and annual rhythm. The intensity of the urban heat island (as measured with the difference of air temperature between town and its peripheries — AT) and the fre- quence of its occurrence depend upon the nature of the town (its magnitude, kinds of

MISCELLANEA GEOGRAPHICA WARSZAWA 1992 Vol. 5 Jolanta Wawer THE IMPACT O F WEATHER CONDITIONS ON THE INTENSITY OF THE U R B A N HEAT ISLAND IN W A R S A W The urban heat island in Warsaw (higher air temperature in the city than in its surroundings) is a frequent phenomenon. This does not mean, however, that it occurs every day and has the same intensity. This phenomenon appears as a result of variations in radiation balance, varied thermal conductivity, differences in heat storage capacity between the city and the out-of-town areas, influence of

Nonlinear Engineering, Vol. 2 (2013), pp. 39–62 Copyright © 2013 De Gruyter. DOI 10.1515/nleng-2013-0006 Melbourne urban heat island contamination of temperature trend maps in Victoria, Australia Albert Parker1; 1 RMIT University, PO Box 71 Bundoora VIC 3083, Mel- bourne, Australia Abstract. The paper presents a regression analysis of the temperature data measured by the Australian Bureau of Me- teorology in their historical measuring stations in Victoria. All the downloaded data was free of quality issues and re- ferred to specific geographical locations, with

from Meteorological observations, made at different places in the neighbourhood of the metropolis . W. Phillips, London. Damyanovic, D., - Reinwald, F., - Brandenburg, C., - Allex, B., - Gantner, B., - Morawetz, U., - Preiss, J. (2016) Pilot action city of Vienna - UHI-STRAT Vienna, in Francesco Musco (ed.), Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario , Springer, pg. 257-280. Marsch, J. (2018) OSMBuildings (software). Available online: https://osmbuildings.org [accessed 1st May 2019]. Oke, T. R. (1982) The energetic basis of the

Explorer. Online: climexp.knmi.nl/ (accessed October 10, 2014). Marohasy J., 2017. Blog. Online: jennifermarohasy.com/ (accessed January 31, 2017). Mearns E., 2015. Temperature adjustments in Australia. Climate Etc. Online: judithcurry.com/2015/03/17/temperature- adjustments-in-australia (accessed September 12, 2016). Parker A., 2013a. Why global warming went missing since the year 2000. Nonlinear Engineering 2(3-4):129-135. Parker A., 2013b. Melbourne urban heat island contamination of temperature trend maps in Victoria, Australia. Nonlinear Engineering 2(1-2): 39

energy consumption information, Energy and Buildings , 2008, vol. 40, p. 349-398. Lombard, L.-P., Ortiz, J., González, R., Maestre, I. M. A review of benchmarking, rating and labeling concepts within the framework of building energy certification schemes, Energy and Buildings , 2009, vol. 41, pp. 272-278. Kolokotsa, D., Psomas, A., & Karapidakis, E. Urban heat island in southern Europe: The case study of Chania, Crete. Solar Energy , 2009 vol. 83, N 10, p.1871-1883. Neubauer Martin "Building Simulation with TRNSYS 16" , 2008 Artmann, N., Manz, H. and Heiselberg, P