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Abstract

FA1:Ag+ color center at the low coordination (100) and (110) surface sites of KCl and KBr thin films play an important role in providing tunable laser oscillation and adsorbatesubstrate interactions. Double-well potentials at this site are investigated using ab initio molecular electronic structure calculations. The calculated Stokes shifted (optical transition bands), opticaloptical conversion efficiencies, the probability of orientational destruction, exciton (energy) transfer and Glasner-Tompkins empirical rule suggest that laser light generation is sensitive to (i) the lattice anion, (ii) the coordination number of surface ions, and (iii) the choice of the basis set centered on the anion vacancy. The adsorbate-substrate interactions were found to be dependent on the electronegativity of the adatom and on the lattice anion. Optimised geometries and the coadsorption of CO and (F, Cl, Br, I) on KCl and KBr (100) crystals are presented. Calculated chemisorption energies for CO on the (halogen atom/defect free sites of KCl and KBr (100) crystals) showed that the coadsorption of halogen atom tends to block other adsorbate-substrate interactions at the nearest neighbour sites. Thus if halogen atom coverage increases, the CO prefers to be adsorbed on the K+ site of the KCl and KBr (100) surfaces and on KBr relative to KCl.

Abstract

Energy bands and density of states (DOS) of mixed molybdenum dichalcogenides like MoS2, MoSeS, MoSe2, MoTe2, MoTeS, and MoTe0.5S1.5 are reported for the first time using the Tran–Blaha modified Becke–Johnson potential within full potential-linearised augmented plane wave technique. From the partial DOS, a strong hybridisation between the Mo-d and chalcogen-p states is observed below the Fermi energy E F. In addition, the dielectric constants, absorption coefficients, and refractivity spectra of these compounds have also been deduced. The integrated absorption coefficients derived from the frequency-dependent absorption spectra within the energy range of 0–4.5 eV show a possibility of using molybdenum dichalcogenides, particularly MoTe0.5S1.5, in solar cell applications. Birefringence and degree of anisotropy are also discussed using the data on refractivity and imaginary components of the dielectric constant.

Abstract

We calculate the electronic properties of austenite and martensite Fe-9%Mn alloys using the self consistent full-potential linearized-plane-wave method under the generalized gradient approximation full lattice relaxation. By minimizing total-energy, the lattice constants in their ground states were determined. We discuss the total energy dependence of the volume, and density of states (DOS).

Abstract

The structural, electronic and elastic properties of the cubic boron nitride (BN) compound are investigated by a first-principle pseudopotential method. The calculations show that the structural phase transition from the zinc-blende(ZB) structure to the rocksalt (RS) structure occurs at a transition pressure of 1088 GPa and with a volume reduction of 3.1%. Both the ZB and RS structures of BN have indirect gaps, with energy gaps of 4.80 eV and 2.11 eV, respectively. The positive pressure derivative of the indirect band gap (Γ-X) energy for the the ZB phase and the predicted ultrahigh metallization pressure are attributed to the absence of d occupations in the valence bands. The increase of the shear modulus with increasing pressure implies that the lattice stability becomes higher when BN is compressed.

Abstract

A systematic first principles study has been carried on zinc oxide and their Cd-substituted ternary alloys in the zinc blende phase for the measurement of various thermodynamic parameters over a wide range of temperature (0–1200 K) and pressure (0–10 GPa). A significant change in various thermodynamic parameters of Cd-substituted ZnO has been noted. Cd-rich CdxZn1−xO has the least thermal conductivity, bulk modulus and Debye temperature, whereas maximum molar heat capacities, Grüneisen parameter and entropy. The anharmonicity of the semiconducting system changes in response to temperature and pressure variation, which in turn control thermal expansion. Internal energy, free energy and entropy are more temperature sensitive as compared to pressure.

Abstract

The electronic energy-band structure, density of states (DOS), and optical properties of AgBO3 in the paraelectric cubic phase have been studied by using density functional theory within the local density approximation for exchange-correlation for the first time. The band structure shows a band gap of 1.533 eV (AgNbO3)and 1.537 eV (AgTaO3)at (M-⌈)point in the Brillouin zone. The optical spectra of AgBO3 in the photon energy range up to 30 eV are investigated under the scissor approximation. The real and imaginary parts of the dielectric function and — thus the optical constants such as reflectivity, absorption coefficient, electron energy-loss function, refractive index, and extinction coefficient — are calculated. We have also made some comparisons with related experimental and theoretical data that is available.

Abstract

Using First-principle calculations, we have studied the structural, electronic and elastic properties of M2TlC, with M = Ti, Zr and Hf. Geometrical optimization of the unit cell is in good agreement with the available experimental data. The effect of high pressures, up to 20 GPa, on the lattice constants shows that the contractions are higher along the c-axis than along the a axis. We have observed a quadratic dependence of the lattice parameters versus the applied pressure. The band structures show that all three materials are electrical conductors. The analysis of the site and momentum projected densities shows that bonding is due to M d-C p and M d-Tl p hybridizations. The M d-C p bonds are lower in energy and stiffer than M d-Tl p bonds. The elastic constants are calculated using the static finite strain technique. We derived the bulk and shear moduli, Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio for ideal polycrystalline M2TlC aggregates. We estimated the Debye temperature of M2TlC from the average sound velocity. This is the first quantitative theoretical prediction of the elastic properties of Ti2TlC, Zr2TlC, and Hf2TlC compounds that requires experimental confirmation.

Abstract

A series of calculations from first principles have been carried out to study structural, electronic, and optical properties of ZnSxSe1−x alloys. Our results show that the lattice constant scales linearly with sulfur composition. The imaginary parts of the dielectric function are calculated, which are in good agreement with the experimental data. We have also interpreted the origin of the spectral peaks on the basis of band structure and density of states. Additionally, we find that no bowing effect in the absorption edge is observed, unlike other II-VI semiconductor alloys.

Abstract

We present a first-principle study of electronic and optical properties in pure LiF and O-doped LiF crystals. The pure LiF crystal exhibits a wide band gap while the O-doped LiF crystal shows the less band gap due to the contribution of O 2p. Some optical constants, such as dielectric functions, reflectivity and the refractive index, have been performed. The calculated reflectivity and refractive index from the pure LiF crystal agree with the experimental and recently calculated results in the low-energy range. Meanwhile, the optical properties have also been predicted from the O-doped LiF crystal. The absorption band in 200 nm has been observed, which is relatively close to the experimental result.

Abstract

The electronic structure, linear, and non-linear optical properties of ferroelectric-semiconductor SbSBr are investigated in the non-polar (paraelectric) and polar (ferroelectric) phase, using the density functional methods in the generalized gradient approximation. The electronic band structure obtained shows that SbSBr has an indirect forbidden gap of 2.16 and 2.21 eV in the paraelectric and ferroelectric phase, respectively. The linear photon-energy dependent dielectric functions and some optical functions, such as absorption and extinction coefficients, refractive index, energy-loss function, reflectivity, and optical conductivity in both phases and photon-energy dependent second-order susceptibilities in the ferroelectric phase are calculated. Moreover, some important optical parameters, such as the effective number of valence electrons and the effective optical dielectric constant, are calculated in both phases.