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Antimicrobial Activity of the Extract and Isolated Compounds from Baccharis dracunculifolia D. C. (Asteraceae) Ademar A. da Silva Filhoa,*, João P. B. de Sousab, Sandra Soaresa, Niege A. J. C. Furtadoa, Márcio L. Andrade e Silvaa, Wilson R. Cunhaa, Luı́s E. Gregóriob, N. P. Dhammika Nanayakkarac, and Jairo K. Bastosb a Laboratório de Quı́mica de Produtos Naturais, Universidade de Franca, Av. Armando Sales de Oliveira, 201, CEP 14404-600, Franca, SP, Brazil. Fax: 55-16-3711-8878. E-mail: ademar@unifran.br b Departamento de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculdade

Nerolidol, an Antiulcer Constituent from the Essential Oil of Baccharis dracunculifolia DC (Asteraceae) Fernando Canani Klopella, Marivane Lemosa, João Paulo Barreto Sousab, Eros Comunelloc, Edson Luis Maistrod, Jairo Kennup Bastosb, and Sérgio Faloni de Andradea,e,* a Núcleo de Ciência e Tecnologia, Área de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina, Campus de Videira, Rua Paese, 198, Bairro Universitário, Videira, SC, CEP 89560-900, Brazil. Fax: +4935511444. E-mail: sfaloni@bol.com.br b Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas

Propolis, Araucaria angustifolia, Baccharis dracunculifolia, Eucalyptus citriodora, Botanical Origin Propolis and plant secretions from three species, most frequently mentioned as botanical sources of the bee glue in Brazil (Baccharis dracunculifolia, A raucaria angustifolia and Euca­ lyptus citriodora) have been investigated using GC-MS. Based on chemical evidence, B. dra­ cunculifolia was shown to be the main propolis source in Säo Paulo state. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of all four materials were also tested, the most active being propolis and

s 3. 0 U np or te d L ic en se (h ttp :// cr ea tiv ec om m on s. or g/ lic en se s/ by -n c- nd /3 .0 /) . Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics, 12(4):279, 2015 http://journal.imbio.de/ (£ 315/10mg) also known as Artepillin C®, who has been patented for the treatment of tu- mors [19, 20]. Baccharis dracunculifolia is a native plant to Brazil commonly found in Minas Gerais state (Southeastern Brazil) and source of a green resin, the main source of Artepillin C® [21, 22]. Considering the interaction between B. dracunculifolia and A. mellifera, the best period to

included azul de mata ( justicia tinctoria ), for wounds; albahaca verde and morada ( ocimum basilicum ) (basil), for earaches and as a dressing; calendula ( calendula officinalis ), a natural antibiotic ; calzoncillo ( passiflora biflora ), for kidney functioning; carambola ( averrhoa carambola ), for fibre and the kidneys; cipres ( cupressus lusitanica ), for prostate; cucaracha ( acanthus mollis ), for treating diabetes; chinita s ( impatiens walleriana ), for allergies; chilca (baccharis dracunculifolia), for rheumatism; diente de leon ( taraxacum officinale

pollens from woody and herbaceous plants (M cLellan, 1977) and sixtynine dicotyledonous plants (Yeoh et al., 1992) indicating that the am ino acids from propolis may be collected by bees from plants and Table I. Plant sources from different propolis samples. n° Scientific name3 Family3 Common Brazilian name Origin (Place) Observations 1 Eucalyptus tereticornis Smith Myrtaceae Eucalipto near Rio Claro (Säo Paulo state) Eucalyptus reforestation 2b Mimosa scabrella Benth. Mimosoideae Bracatinga near Prudentöpolis (Parana state) native forest 2b Baccharis

W.R., et al., Antimicrobial activity of the extract and isolated compounds from Baccharis dracunculifolia D.C. (Asteraceae), Z. Naturforsch, 2008, 63, 40–46 [54] Takechi M., Tanaka Y., Structure-activity relationships of synthetic methyl ursolate glycosides, Phytochemistry, 1993, 34, 675–677 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(93)85338-R [55] Woldemichael G.M., Franzblau S.G, Zhang F., Wang Y., Timmerman B.N., Inhibitory effect of sterols from Ruprechtia triflora and diterpenes from Calceolaria pinnifolia on the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Planta Med

activity. J. Nat. Prod. 67, 42 – 45. Da Silva Filho A. A., Silva M. L. A., Carvalho J. C. T., and Bastos J. K. (2004c), Evaluation of analgesic and anti- infl ammatory activities of Nectandra megapotamica (Lauraceae) in mice and rats. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 56, 1179 – 1184. Da Silva Filho A. A., Sousa J. P. B., Soares S., Furtado N. A. J. C., Silva M. L. A., Cunha W. R., Gregório L. E., Nanayakkara N. P. D., and Bastos J. K. (2008a), An- timicrobial activity of the extract and isolated com- pounds from Baccharis dracunculifolia D.C. (Aster- aceae). Z. Naturforsch. 63

., and Bastos J. K. (2008), In vitro antileishmanial and antimalarial activities of tetrahydrofuran lignans isolated from Nectan- dra megapotamica (Lauraceae). Phytother. Res. 22, 1307 – 1310. Da Silva Filho A. A., Resende D. O., Fukui M. J., San- tos F. F., Pauletti P. M., Cunha W. R., Silva M. L. A., Gregório L. E., Bastos J. K., and Nanayakkara N. P. D. (2009), In vitro antileishmanial, antiplasmodial and cytotoxic activities of phenolics and triterpe- noids from Baccharis dracunculifolia (Asteraceae). Fitoterapia, doi:10.1016/j.fi tote.2009.06.007. Elford B

activity of propolis from Thai stingless bees in mangosteen orchard Rev Bras de Farmacogn 2015 25 445 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2015.07.004 41. Veiga, R. S., Mendonça, S., Mendes, P. B., Paulino, N., Mimica, M. J., Lagareiro Netto, A. A., Lira, I. S., Lopez, B. G., Negrao, V., Marcucci, M.C. Artepillin C and phenolic compounds responsible for antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of green propolis and Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. J. Appl. Microbiol. 2017, 122 , 911; https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13400 . 10.1111/jam.13400 28066967 Veiga R. S. Mendonça S. Mendes P