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Björn Technau Aggression in Banter Patterns, Possibilities, and Limitations of Analysis Abstract: This paper focusses on the interactional phenomenon of banter and the possibilities and limitations of its analysis. It traces the steps and relevant aspects typically involved in a banter situation and discusses the different roles and evaluation processes of speakers, listeners and analysts respectively. Due to their combination of an impolite or even aggressive surface structure and bonding components, banter utterances typically result in interpretative

‘‘Taking the piss’’: Functions of banter in the IT industry* BARBARA A. PLESTER and JANET SAYERS Abstract This paper shows how banter helps forge organizational culture by facilitat- ing socialization of work group members and presents original research conducted in three IT companies. Informants identified their style of humor as ‘‘taking the piss,’’ a colloquial term meaning to use jocular abuse to de- flate someone else’s ego to bring them to the same level as others. The IT organizations studied were young, creative and energetic and the banter was lively and


No Aggression, Only Teasing: The Pragmatics of Teasing and Banter

A bone of contention among researchers is whether the primary function of humour is the expression of aggression against the hearer or the promotion of solidarity between the interlocutors. It is commonly averred that teasing boasts a dichotomous nature, i.e. malignant and benevolent. The former coincides with the potential for criticising, mocking and ostracising the interlocutor, whereas the latter accounts for playfulness and bonding capacity.

The overriding goal of the paper is to expound the rapport-building function, which is here postulated to be inherent to teasing. First and foremost, I will determine the scope of interest differentiating between putdown humour and teases, which may assume the form of retorts and develop into multi-turn teases, i.e. banter. Subtypes of teasing will be discussed with a view to proving that it is inherently devoid of genuine aggressiveness. The underlying premise is that teases, even if ostensibly aggressive, i.e. face-threatening, are geared towards solidarity, in conformity with the framework of politeness, including mock impoliteness, holding between intimates. Also, teases fulfil a few subordinate functions such as defunctionalisation or mitigation of face-threatening messages they may carry.

special learn- ing needs, the public schools could provide them at a lower cost. The exception to this line of reasoning, ironically, was in dense urban areas, such as Chicago and the District of Columbia. Parents wanted to send their children to public Doing School Family Trees and Playground Banter7 206 Doing School school, especially those who had adopted AA children, but the conditions in the schools were not optimal. They lacked a strong tax base, which led to the declining quality of the school and a high student-to-teacher ratio, they often lacked diversity

Silvia Bonacchi & Bistra Andreeva Aggressiv oder supportiv? Phonetische Disambiguierung von mock impoliteness (Banter-Äußerungen) im Vergleich Deutsch-Polnisch1 Abstract: The “Banter Principle” describes cases in which an offensive utterance (for example: German: “Du Arsch!” or Polish: “Ty draniu”) is not addressed by the speaker to the interlocutor with an aggressive intention, but it is intended to be an expression of admiration which reinforces the relationship with the Addressee. In addition, use of such language reinforces social ties, i.e. identity

Twitter. The results of their study are in line with my own findings, which are drawn from conversation analysis and survey questionnaires ( Technau 2018 ). When it comes to non-pejorative uses of slur terms, such as banter and appropriation, for instance, it is especially important to present empirical evidence of their high frequencies of use and to distinguish them from hate speech, “the native provenance of the word” (Nunberg, forthcoming: 62). 2 Slur terms and hate speech 2.1 Ethnic slur terms as group-based slurs Slur terms have been classified along different

behaviours such as irony, sarcasm, banter, overstatement and understatement. I will furthermore demonstrate how incongruence was used and understood in the Middle Ages. I will begin by examining some of the language used to describe incongruent behaviours in the dialogues. This will demonstrate both the multifaceted nature of the metapragmatic terminology found in the Manières , and what these behaviours will have looked like. I will then look at some episodes in the dialogues with regard to Raskin’s SSTH, taking incongruence and contrast between scripts as a diagnostic

between [...] words and actions,” implying that his words compared favourably with the actions of others, such as Bill Clinton (“Transcript of Donald Trump’s Videotaped Apology”). The most interesting aspect of Trump’s response to the recording, however, was that he never disputed (or even addressed) the truth of what he had said in the recording. In spite of many critics arguing that his comments were tantamount to an admission of sexual harassment, Trump dismissed the words as nothing more than “locker room banter,” a phrase that also became a refrain for those who

features develop, I consider how they might be explained in terms of three current theories of irony: the echoic account, the pretence account, and a much broader approach now frequently used in the literature on irony acqui- sition, which treats a range of disparate phenomena, including hyperbole, banter, understatement, jokes and rhetorical questions, as forms of irony. I end by suggest- ing some possible directions for future research. 1. Introduction: Theories of irony 1.1. Traditional theories Typical examples of verbal irony such as (1) and (2) are widely used