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Phenazine and Phenoxazinone Biosynthesis in Brevibacterium iodinum R. B. Herbert and J. Mann Department of Organic Chemistry, The University, Leeds LS2 9JT, England A. Römer Institut für Organische Chemie der Universität, Greinstr. 4, D-5000 Köln 41, Bundesrepublik Deutschland Z. Naturforsch. 37 c, 159 — 164 (1982); received October 23/December 15,1981 Phenazines, Phenoxazinones, Biosynthesis, Brevibacterium iodinum, Nitrogen Incorporation The source of nitrogen in the phenazine, iodinin 5, and in 2-aminophenoxazinone 7 in Brevi­ bacterium iodinum cultures is

Wolfgang Eisenreich er at.: Methanopterin biosynthesis Pteridines Vol. 5, 1994, pp. 8-17 Biosynthesis of Methanopterin In Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum Wolfgang Eisenreich and Adelbert Bacher Lehrstuhl fur Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Technische Universitat Munchen, Lichtenbergstr. 4, D-85747 Garching, Federal Republic of Germany (Received November 15, 1993) Summary The early steps in the biosynthesis of methanopterin in Methanobacterium thennoautotrophicum were analyzed by in vivo incorporation experiments of DC labeled precursors and by

Carotenoid Biosynthesis — a Target for Herbicide Activity George Britton Department of Biochemistry, The University of Liverpool, P.O. Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, England Z. Naturforsch. 34 c, 979 — 985 (1979) ; received May 6, 1979 Chloroplast Pigments, Photoprotection by Carotenoids, Carotenoid Biosynthesis, Phytoene, Desatura­ tion Carotenoids are chloroplast constituents. In vivo different carotenoids may be present at different sites within the chloroplast, and may have different functions. Especially important is a role in protecting the chloroplast and

On the Origin of Protein Biosynthesis B. R. Thomas Organic Chemistry 2, Lund University, Lund (Z. Naturforsch. 30 c, 32 3 —326 [1975] ; received December 10, 1974) Evolution, Genetic Code, Codon-anticodon Site, Protein Biosynthesis There is a very close steric relationship between the codon-anticodon site which accounts for the genetic code dictionary and a polynucleotide replicase site. Protein biosynthesis must therefore have arisen out of a primaeval polynucleotide replicase system. The most important step in the evolution of life has been the bringing

Cloning and Sequencing of Hydroxylase Genes Involved in Taxol Biosynthesis Jun Tu, Ping Zhu*, Ke-di Cheng*, and Chao Meng Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, 1 Xian Nong Tan Street, Beijing 100050, P. R.China. Fax: +86-10-63017757. E-mail:; * Authors for correspondence and reprint requests Z. Naturforsch. 59c, 561Ð564 (2004); received February 20/March 19, 2004 Two full-length cDNAs (TCH1 and TCH2) were obtained from a cDNA library of Taxus chinensis mainly by the

Chloroplast Autonomy in Acetyl-Coenzyme-A-Formation and Terpenoid Biosynthesis K. H. Grumbach and B. Fom Botanisches Institut, Universität Karlsruhe, Kaiserstraße 12, D-7500 Karlsruhe Z. Naturforsch. 35 c, 645-648 (1980); received March 25, 1980 Biosynthesis, /?-Carotene, Chloroplast, Plastoquinone-9, Terpenoids Isolated intact spinach chloroplasts were supplied with 14C-labeled C 0 2, phosphoglycerate, phos- phoenolpyruvate, acetate and mevalonate and the incorporation of radioactivity into /?-carotene and plastoquinone-9 assayed. All applied substrates were

Further Observations on the Source of Nitrogen in Phenazine Biosynthesis A. Römer * and R. B. Herbert, Department of Organic Chemistry, The University, Leeds LS2 9JT, England Z. Naturforsch. 37c, 1070- 1074 (1982); received July 26, 1982 Phenazines, Biosynthesis, Nitrogen Incorporation, Brevibacterium iodinum, Pseudomonas aureofa- ciens It is concluded from experiments with (S)-[C015NH2]glutamine and [15N]ammonium sulphate that the biosynthesis of iodinin (1), in Brevibacterium iodinum, and of phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (7), in Pseudomonas aureofaciens, is

Expression of Caffeine Biosynthesis Genes in Tea (Camellia sinensis) Yeyun Lia,b, Shinjiro Ogitac, Chaman Ara Keyaa, and Hiroshi Ashiharaa,* a Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 112-8610, Japan. Fax: +81-3-59 78-5358. E-mail: b Key Laboratory of Tea Biochemistry and Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Education, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, Anhui, 230036, China c Biotechnology Research Center, Toyama Prefectural University

Accumulation and Biosynthesis of Solanapyrone Phytotoxins by Ascochyta rabiei Gregor Benning and Wolfgang Barz Institut für Biochemie und Biotechnologie der Pflanzen, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Hindenburgplatz 55, D-48143 Münster, Bundesrepublik Deutschland Z. Naturforsch. 50c, 1 8 1 -1 8 5 (1995); received January 9, 1995 Biosynthesis, Solanapyrones, Polyketide. Phytotoxin, Ascochyta rabiei The biosynthesis of the phytotoxins solanapyrone A , B and C produced by the phytopatho- genic fungus Ascochyta rabiei has been investigated. To optimize

DOI 10.1515/hsz-2012-0274      Biol. Chem. 2013; 394(2): 251–259 Minireview Bertolt Gust * , Kornelia Eitel and Xiaoyu Tang The biosynthesis of caprazamycins and related liponucleoside antibiotics: new insights Abstract: The first step in the membrane cycle of reac- tions during peptidoglycan biosynthesis is the transfer of phospho-MurNAc-pentapeptide from UDP-MurNAc- pentapeptide to undecaprenyl phosphate, catalyzed by the integral membrane protein MraY translocase. Differ- ent MraY inhibitors are known and can be subdivided into classes