1 Introduction The shortcomings in the UK government’s Brexit negotiation strategy which reflected Prime Minister Theresa May’s weak political leadership which focused on securing the short-term political survival of her government amidst turbulent and fractious domestic politics, over negotiations with the EU27. Brexit negotiations were poorly planned, and the UK government was woefully unprepared. Brexit also threatened a serious re-opening of old wounds in Northern Ireland, as debate grows around the prospect of a united Ireland inside the EU. UK politics is
1 Brexit, boundaries and images “Take back control” was the mantra of Leave campaigners in the UK’s 2016 referendum on membership of the EU, and Brexit vaunts the national. For an illustration of this, we need only look at the website of the newly established UK Department of International Trade.
This Department was set up after the 2016 Referendum, to prepare for “trade deals,” which post Brexit, the UK would have the power to conclude. Its homepage has nothing to say about the EU. It does however have plenty of content on “Great” and the UK.
References Al-Nuemat, A. & Nawafleh, A. (2016), ‘Brexit, arbitration and private international law,’ Journal of Politics and Law , vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 116–123. https://doi.org/10.5539/jpl.v10n5p116 Avdenja, N. (2015), Legal Protection for Trademarks from Registered Generic Top-Level Domain Names, BA thesis, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn. Bettinger, T. (2015), Domain Name Law and Practice: An International Handbook, NewYork: Oxford University Press. Blenkinsop, P. & Koester, S. (2018), ‘EU Commission proposes making fingerprints mandatory in ID
References Ansorg, N. and Haastrup, T., 2016. Brexit Beyond the UK Borders: What It Means for Africa. GIGA Focus Afrika, (03). Capoccia, G. and Kelemen, R.D., 2007. The study of critical junctures: Theory, narrative, and counterfactuals in historical institutionalism. World politics, 59(3), pp.341-369. Capoccia, G., 2015. Critical junctures and institutional change. In: J. Mahoney and K. Thelen, ed., Advances in Comparative- Historical Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.147-179. Cerna, L., 2013. The nature of policy change and implementation
In its attempts to force through its EU Withdrawal Agreement the previous government painted a ‘No Deal Brexit’ as some sort of disaster. The current government of Boris Johnson is committed to leaving the EU at the end of October, whether or not the EU will renegotiate it, which it has repeatedly said it will not; and so this ‘No Deal Brexit’, or more accurately a Brexit under WTO rules, is the most likely outcome. This outcome is in fact a recipe for economic success, free of the shackles of EU protectionism, budget costs, intrusive regulation and subsidisation
References Bârgăoanu, A. and Negrea, E. (2011). Comunicarea în Uniunea Europeană: Modele teoretice si aspecte practice. Bucharest: Comunicare.ro. BBC. (2018) “Sainsbury’s boss warns food ‘can’t be stockpiled’ for no-deal Brexit”. Retrieved from: https://www.bbc.com/news/av/business-46139486/sainsbury-s-boss-warns-food-can-t-be-stockpiled-for-no-deal-brexit BBC. (January 21 2019). “Brexit: David Cameron warned by Donald Tusk over ‘stupid referendum’“. Retrieved from: https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-46951942 Bloomberg. (2019). “Tesco Finally Says It’s in
1 Introduction The trend toward the deepening of international economic integration by reducing trade barriers has been observed in the global economy over the past few decades. According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), the number of regional trade agreements increased from ~40 in 1990 up to almost 280 in 2016 [ WTO, 2016 ]. Considering the growing global economic integration, the decision of the United Kingdom (UK) to leave the European Union (EU) was unexpected and extraordinary. On 23 June 2016, the Brexit referendum took place, and a majority of
1. Introduction On the 23 rd of June 2016 the people of the United Kingdom (UK) decided to leave the European Union (EU) – ‘Brexit’. For the political background on the referendum see Paul Craig ‘Brexit: What Next? Brexit: A Drama in Six Acts’ European Law Review , vol. 41, 2016, pp. 447–460; Erik Stokstad ‘Uncertainty reigns in Brexit Britain’ Science , vol. 353, p. 437; Graeme Reid ‘Science and Brexit’ Science, vol. 353, p. 7; see additionally Thomas Wachter ‘Brexit und Gesellschaftsrecht’ in Schriftenreihe der Gesellschaftsrechtlichen Vereinigung (ed
1 Introduction During the electoral campaign for Brexit, the arguments presented by Leavers had elusive implications. The main arguments of Leavers were the risk of immigrant invasion, the amount of annual bills that Britain was paying to the European Union, and the suggestion that European rules are blocking the expansion of the UK economy. These arguments, albeit with some foundation, have been largely exaggerated in the electoral campaign, also with fake arguments, In particular, Nigel Farage, former UKIP leader and actually leader of the Brexit Party, one of