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), while the former is associated with a “direct” and personal experience with victimization (i.e. the person in question is the victim). We believe that it is worth to underline this distinction as direct and indirect experience with crime seems to play a different role in determining the level of fear. Furthermore, one of the earliest approaches to explain the fear of crime posited that risk of crime and direct personal experience of victimization were both key to understanding why some people report being anxious about crime while others do not ( Lewis and Salem 1981

Fear of Crime and Victimization Helmut Kury Introduction Since the rapid development of social-scientific victim studies, surveys regarding fear of crime have constituted one of the most essential features of these investi- gations. Triggered by social-scientific victimological research's discovery of fear of crime, an intense debate on this phenomenon has been carried on in the US since the 1960's, which in turn has entailed a nearly immeasurable wealth of sci- entific publications. The question whether victims of (more serious) crimes exhibit more fear

Chapter Three Fear of Crime as Social Control The possibility of being the victim of a crime is ever pre- sent on my mind; thinking about it is as natural as . . . breathing. . . .The most unsettling crime is that of being cornered and attacked by a group of youths while riding in an empty train car and being violently hurt. . . . There is no place to run, no help available, and being at the mercy of this pack of animals. Michaela, a forty-year-old middle-class white woman who lives in upper Man- hattan, New York Although many researchers have studied

Jürgen Minnebo Fear off Crime and Television Uses A Uses and Gratifications Abstract Applied to the relationship between television exposure and fear of crime, uses and gratifications theory predicts that people who are fearful will expose themselves to media content that helps them to reduce this fear. Previous research found that fear of crime leads to an increase in exposure to crime drama, since most crime drama depicts a just world, where criminals are ultimately punished. The present article takes this reasoning one step further, hypothesizing that an

91 5 Visions of Crime How the Media, Satan, and Social Factors Shape Fears of Crime Walking while Black Brennan Walker, a 14- year- old from Rochester Hills, Michigan, over- slept one Thursday morning and missed his bus. Trying to walk to his high school by tracing the bus route, he became lost and began knocking on doors to ask for help. The second door he tried was the home of Jef- frey Zeigler, a 53- year- old retired firefighter. When Zeigler’s wife went to the door and saw a young black man, she feared a break- in and started shouting. Zeigler charged

The Victim's Experience and Fear of Crime. A Contribution to the Victimization Perspective Helmut Kury Introduction Along with the rapid development of social scientifically based victim surveys, the dread of crime has emerged as a key concept richly meriting further scientific investigation. With the flourishing of national crime surveys especially in the United States but also in Europe, as for example in Great Britain, large data sets have become available for examining social scientifically not only such criminological questions as the knowledge and

12 Counting What Counts: The Study of Women's Fear of Crime Seema Ahluwalia In the late 1960s, British feminists expressed disillusionment with the male left because of the marginalization of women• s issues on the socialist agenda (Kelly 1988; Malos 1972). At this time, many women were drawing auention to violence against women by calling for criminal justice and social service reform. These efforts were dismissed by the male left as either a concession to the bourgeois state or a form of moral entrepeneurship (Young 1988a). By the mid 1970s, feminist

on Human Trafficking nichts Gutes ahnen. Sebastian Scheerer, Hamburg Farrall, Stephen/Jackson, Jonathan/Gray, Emily, Social Order and the Fear of Crime in Con- temporary Times. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2009, 319 Seiten, c 64,99 Mit »Social Order and the Fear of Crime in Contemporary Times« legen Stephen Farrall, Jonathan Jackson und Emily Gray zweifellos das neue Standardwerk im Bereich der Krimina- litätsfurchtforschung vor. Die zentrale Bedeu- tung der Monographie für die Disziplin ergibt sich dabei sowohl aus der Sammlung und schlüs- sigen Aufbereitung

component of specific fear of crime. Keywords: Motivations for and against reporting offences, sexual assault and rape, fear of crime, re- search with students 1. Einleitung In der offiziellen Polizeilichen Kriminalstatistik (PKS) sind ausschließlich Straftaten enthal- ten, die der Polizei durch Anzeigen Betroffener sowie eigene Ermittlungstätigkeit bekannt MschrKrim 238 MschrKrim 99. Jahrgang – Heft 3 – 2016 sind. Aufgrund mangelnder statistischer Daten kann das sogenannte Dunkelfeld – die der Polizei nicht bekannt gewordene Kriminalität – in der PKS nicht abgebildet

political scientists and economists, who analyze the conflict from a war perspective ( Calderón, Robles, Díaz-Cayeros, & Magaloni, 2015 ; Kalyvas, 2015 ; Osorio, 2015 ); on the other hand, from sociologists, who examine this conflict in light of a criminal phenomenon ( Gaitan-Rossi & Shen, 2018 ; Vilalta, 2016 ). The latter body of literature focuses on the effect of organized crime on fear of crime, based on three theories: (i) the vulnerability theory, (ii) the incivility theory and (iii) the social disorganization theory ( Abdullah, Marzbali, Woolley, Bahauddin