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vice versa. In lucky cases, an analogy yields a mathematical isomorphism between two theoretical constructs (such as aspects of fluid dynamics and electromagnetism) in which case knowledge transfer is straightforward and even exact. There is of course also a danger with such an exercise because analogies are never complete and rarely exact. They should not be taken literally but rather as a source of inspiration, as a tool for knowledge discovery. This paper focuses on Fluid Construction Grammar (FCG), which is both a theory of language processing and a computational

( innovation ). Grammaticality is considered to be a gradient concept, which means that a problem-solving model is inherently probabilistic. As soon as we adopt the problem-solving model, the criticism of overgeneration becomes void even when using powerful generalizations in the form of Goldbergian argument structure constructions. I will substantiate this claim in the remainder of this paper through a computational implementation of argument structure and coercion in Fluid Construction Grammar (FCG; Steels 2011 , 2012a ), which refines an earlier implementation by van

constructions can capture structures that range in complexity from simple words and meanings to whole phrases and semantic structures, CCxG provides an elegant and effective way to deal with the non-compositional nature of language, both on the form side (e.g. “many a year”) and the meaning side (e.g. “a piece of cake” in the figurative sense). Fluid Construction Grammar (FCG) is a computational construction grammar implementation that supports the representation and bidirectional processing of construction grammars ( Steels 2011 ; Steels 2017 ). As

creativity is exemplified in Section 4 of this paper, by showing through which mechanisms the constraints on the idiomatic expression He’s not the sharpest tool in the box can be violated, in order to allow novel, creative expressions, such as He’s not the brightest light in the harbour , He’s not the smartest suit in the wardrobe or He’s not the quickest bunny in the forest . All examples discussed in this paper are fully operationalised and implemented in Fluid Construction Grammar (FCG) (Steels 2011 , 2017 ), a flexible and largely theory-neutral computational

( Michaelis 2010 , Michaelis 2013 ; Boas and Sag 2012 ), Fluid Construction Grammar ( Steels 2013 ) or Embodied Construction Grammar ( Bergen and Chang 2005 , Bergen and Chang 2013 ) use “constraint-satisfaction” to model construction combination. In these “constraint-based” approaches, constructions are seen as constraints and a specific construct such as (1) will simply be checked as to whether it is licensed by appropriate constructions. Van Eecke and Beuls ( 2018 : 344–348) illustrate how sentences such as Firefighters cut the man free …(BNC W


......................................................................50 5.2 Sign-Based Construction Grammar (Sag, Kay, Michaelis et al.): auf dem Weg zu einem integrativen Ansatz? .........................................................56 5.3 Embodied Construction Grammar (Bergen, Chang et al.): psycholinguistische und komputationelle Erweiterungen ......................................59 5.4 Fluid Construction Grammar (Steels et al.): Roboter in der Interaktion ......................................................................................61 X 6 Methoden 6.1 Introspektiv-interpretative Verfahren

–148, 240, 264–267, 271– 275 elative compounds 93 Embodied Construction Grammar 4, 49, 143, 323 emphatic coordination 83, 93 epistolary formulae 181, 191–195, 197, 198, 200 expansion 332, 340–342 experiencer (verbs) 151–155, 159–167, 174– 175 external syntax 376 fake direct object 145, 273 Fluid Construction Grammar 4, 49, 143, 323 gender 110, 111, 113, 116–123, 125, 128 genitive 107, 108, 110–113, 115–118, 120– 122, 124–128, 131–135 grammaticalization 6, 161, 169, 210–211, 238–239, 325 hierarchical lexicon 80, 81, 83, 99, 102, 103 hyperbole 207–216, 225–226, 244, 263

), Embodied Construction Grammar ( Bergen and Chang 2005 ), Sign-based Construction Grammar ( Boas and Sag 2011 ; Sag 2011 ), Usage-based Construction Grammar ( Perek 2015 ) or Fluid Construction Grammar ( van Trijp 2008 ; Steels 2011 ). Of course, ‘vanilla construction grammar’, too, has been continued, for example by Kay and Fillmore (1997) , Kay (2000) , Goldberg (1995 , 1997 , 1998 , 2006 ), Boas (2010) and many others. For a good overview about current trends within construction grammar see, among others, Boogaart et al. (2014) , Fried and Östman

. Fluid construction grammar. In T. Hoffmann & G. Trousdale (eds.), 152–167. Steels Luc 2013 Fluid construction grammar Hoffmann T. Trousdale G. 152 167 Stefanowitsch, Anatol. 2013. Collostructional analysis. In T. Hoffmann & G. Trousdale (eds.), 290–306. Stefanowitsch Anatol 2013 Collostructional analysis Hoffmann T. Trousdale G. 290 306 Tomasello, Michael. 1999. The cultural origins of human cognition: An essay . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Tomasello Michael 1999 The cultural origins of human cognition: An essay Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press van

practice. A notable exception is Beuls (2012) , where she develops a full implementation of Spanish inflectional morphology within the framework of Fluid Construction Grammar ( Steels (2011) , see also Schneider (2010) , and Booij (2010a) for the principles behind construction morphology). She does not address this particular alternation, however. 4 Material The corpus used for this study was the Corpus Oral de Referencia de la Lengua Española Contemporánea, CORLEC ( Marcos Marín et al. 1992 ). The COR-LEC has approximately 1,100,000 words, covers a wide range of