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JOHN N. GREEN Generative grammar 1. Origins and theoretical bases Writing, in the late nineteen seventies, an account of the impact of generative grammar on Romance linguistics and surveying from this vantage point the relative success of linguistic theories on a worldwide scale, one can hardly resist the conclusion that transformational- generative grammar has become the new orthodoxy.1 That this status has been achieved in a little over two decades and despite both entrenched opposition from groups of older scholars repre- senting different theoretical

Generative grammar in Italy Giorgio Graffi University of Pavia I hope I won't be accused of chauvinism (an attitude which I consider to be among the most detestable in the world) if I assert that the prestige of Italian generative linguistics is remarkable, not only on a European level, but on a world-wide level as well; as they say, "the facts speak for themselves": the current president of GLOW is Italian, the European editors of "Linguistic Inquiry" are Italian, many books by Italian authors are present in the major international collections of literature on

s. K . SAUM JAN PHONOLOGY A N D GENERATIVE GRAMMARS I. THE PROBLEM I—a j—•JHE conception of grammar as a logical machine generating linguistic objects has resulted in the creation of a new branch of linguistic science which may be . 1 called the theory of generative grammars. Though the theory of generative grammars is still in its infancy, being but a few years old, it is rather aggressive: not contenting itself with the status of a special branch of linguistic science it calls for radical revision and breakdown of the fundamental concepts of present

SYSTEMIC GENERATIVE GRAMMAR R. A. HUDSON 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Historical Background The purpose of this article is to describe a theory of linguistic structure whose grammatical part is called 'systemic grammar'. It is thirteen years old, having been born in 1961 with the publication of Halliday's "Catego- ries of the Theory of Grammar", but it has changed vastly since then and the time seems ripe for another review of the theory. One of the changes has been in its name: it was christened 'Scale and Category Grammar', because of the important part played in

FERENC KIEFER MORPHOLOGY IN GENERATIVE GRAMMAR* 1 Until quite recently morphology did not receive its proper place in the generative description of language. There was no question of a separate morphological level and no attempt was made at the incorporation of morphological analysis into the frame- work of generative transformational grammar. There are several reasons for this neglect of morphology. Firstly, generative grammarians concentrated from the very outset on the syntactic level of description, i.e. on a 'higher' level in contradistinction to the

2. LINEAR GENERATIVE GRAMMARS 2.0. Semigroups, Monoids, Harps, and Grammars. A point of departure for the formalization of language description is afforded by the fact that one can design a typewriter for any human lan- guage. For languages with standard orthographies this is obvious, though the details are somewhat cumbersome in such cases as Chinese or Japanese. For an unwritten language, the phonemic principle guarantees that an efficient writing system can always be devised. Indeed, we can have a typewriter made up to accommo- date our pet phonemic

PHILIP A. LUELSDORFF DIALECTOLOGY IN GENERATIVE GRAMMAR 0. SUMMARY In the present paper I examine several past approaches to the theory of syntactic and phonological variation within generative grammar. The general conclusion of this recent work is that dialects of the same language may differ in their deep structures. This unanticipated conclusion, if correct, entails an approach to the study of intrapersonal and interper- sonal variation considerably more individually, i.e. clinically, oriented than past approaches have in fact been. In § 1 I examine several

CHAPTER 1 Transformational-Generative Grammar The study of language-its structure, acquisition, and influ­ ence on perception and cognition-is, and for several years has been, a vital area of interdisciplinary research. The so-called Chomskyan revolution in linguistics created a somewhat virulent but exciting controversy between transformationalists and dis­ tributionalists, which focused attention on language as a system only partially expressed through an actual speech corpus. Speech as an observable behavior needs to be explained by a theory of

Stephan Kornmesser 18 The multiparadigmatic structure of science and generative grammar Abstract: In this article, I will analyze the linguistic paradigm of generative grammar from the point of view of Thomas Kuhn’s philosophy of science. I will show that gener- ative grammar satisfies all of Kuhn’s paradigm criteria. However, according to Kuhn, science is always based on one single paradigm. In contrast to thatmonoparadigmatic view, I will argue that it is more adequate to assume a multiparadigmatic structure of science. To this end, I will work out the