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Medizinische Beratung und Therapie genitalverstümmelter Mädchen und Frauen

Introduction The reproductive health consequences of female genital mutilation (FGM) have been extensively documented [ 1 ]. Impaired healing and scar formation is common. When the healing and scar formation from FGM constitute significant soft tissue obstruction to natural delivery, surgical division of such an obstruction under anesthesia is usually necessary (Deinfibulation). This can be complex and difficult due to distorted anatomy. We recently encountered a new aspect to the problem, where a woman deinfibulated herself to enable a home vaginal delivery

Global Jurist Frontiers Volume 8, Issue 3 2008 Article 8 Female Circumcision as Female Genital Mutilation: Human Rights or Cultural Imperialism? Abdulmumini A. Oba∗ ∗University of Ilorin, obailorin@yahoo.com Recommended Citation Abdulmumini A. Oba (2008) “Female Circumcision as Female Genital Mutilation: Human Rights or Cultural Imperialism?,” Global Jurist: Vol. 8: Iss. 3 (Frontiers), Article 8. Female Circumcision as Female Genital Mutilation: Human Rights or Cultural Imperialism?∗ Abdulmumini A. Oba Abstract Many have discussed female circumcision from the

Female Genital Mutilation | 165 FemaleGenitalMutilation DEF: Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision, is a traditional practice involving the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. An estimated 200million girls andwomenworldwide have undergone this practice (UNICEF, 2016). FGM is classified as a form of Violence Against Women (VAW) and recognised as a human rights viola- tion (Rahman and Toubia, 2000). Asylum seekers with awell-founded fear of

flesh being cut off. . . .1 I was screaming so much I just blacked out. I didn’t know what female genital mutilation was until the day it happened to me.2 LEYLA HUSSEIN WAS SEVEN when she underwent the practice known as female genital mutilation (FGM, or female genital cutting, FGC).3 After the procedure, Hus- sein and her sister were given presents and sweets, but she was confused about why the people she trusted allowed her to go through such a painful ordeal. Years later, Hussein confronted her mother about what had happened. She learned that as a child her

167 16 African Genital Mutilation The Unspeakable Atrocities Chapter 5 of Gyn/Ecology, pp. 153– 77. sado- rituals: rituals which recreate and reinforce the primor- dial patriarchal mythic event— the murder/dismemberment of the Goddess within women and all be- ing; rituals devised to accomplish and legitimate the dis- spiriting and devasta- tion of the Wild; rituals designed to destroy the integrity of Life and creative divine powers in women. — Wickedary, p. 94 This chapter is included in its totality because of the ongoing debates con- cerning genital

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting 35 35 Not Culture But Gender RECONCEPTUALIZING FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION/CUTTING JESSICA HORN The struggle against FGM is a struggle for the liberation of women and men from the value system that governs them both. Working toward change of this value system is in fact working towards changing society as a whole. —Statement of the Egyptian FGM Task Force, 1997 The International Conference on Popu- lation and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994 marked a historic turn- ing point in global understandings of health, development

C H A P T E R s X Female Genital Mutilation: Violence in the Name of Tradition, Religion, and Social Imperative SEMRA ASEFA Lis paper provides an overview of female genital mutilation (FGM), from its historical roots and cultural underpinnings to the iden- tification of this practice as a custom that perpetuates violence against women, with grave physical and psychological results. FGM is commonly known as "female circumcision" by the communities where it is practised, so I may occasionally refer to it by these terms. However, the term "circum- cision

Chapter 7 New Rights for Private Wrongs: Female Genital Mutilation and Global Framing Dialogues Madeline Baer and Alison Brysk International human rights conventions and foundational documents do not mention a number of long-standing cultural practices that affect the health of women and children, and mainstream human rights organizations have not typically included these issues in their interna- tional campaigns. In the past generation, however, a transnational coali- tion politicized a number of these traditional practices, including female genital “cutting

Chapter 5 Female Genital Mutilation and U.S. Policy in the 1990s NBC aired an unusual episode of the long­ running drama Law & Order in December 1997.1 Titled “Ritual,” the episode at first seemed to follow the show’s typical plot formula: a murder occurs, the police investigate and make an arrest, and the district attorneys take it from there. In “Ritual,” the mur­ der victim is an Egyptian immigrant, Joseph Moussad, and the police arrest his American nephew­ in­ law, Eric Martin. The episode takes an unexpected turn, however, when the murderer’s motive