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ESTIMATION OF GLUCOSE METABOLISM PATHWAYS 9 Estimation of Pathways of Glucose Metabolism Employing I14C] Glucose L a d is l a v K ü m m e l Laboratory for Endocrinology and Metabolism, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine 12821 Praha 2., U nemocnice 1, Czechoslovakia (Z. Naturforsch. 28c, 9—13 [1973]; received September 22/November 1. 1972) Pentose cycle, glycolysis, [14C] glucose, estimation A method of quantitative estimation of the contribution of the pentose cycle and the E m b d e n - M e y e r h o f pathway to erythrocyte carbohydrate metabolism

DOI 10.1515/jpem-2012-0328      J Pediatr Endocr Met 2013; 26(3-4): 319–324 Preamrudee Poomthavorn * , Weerapong Chaya , Pat Mahachoklertwattana , Matchuporn Sukprasert and Sawaek Weerakiet Glucose metabolism in obese and lean adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome Abstract: Data on glucose metabolism in Asian adoles- cents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are limited. Glucose metabolism assessment using an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in obese and lean Thai adolescents with PCOS, and a comparison between the two groups were

implications in the treatment of young children with severe illnesses. To explore this issue, we have done studies in children with malaria and those with pneumonia during a period of controlled fasting. Specifically, several aspects of glucose metabolism in children under 5 years of age with different infectious diseases were addressed: The effect of age (20, 21). The influence of duration of fasting as a determinant of glucose metabolism (21, 22). The possibility of differences in liver glycogen content after prolonged fasting in children (23). The effect of the type of

Clin Chem Lab Med 2011;49(8):1265–1270 2011 by Walter de Gruyter • Berlin • Boston. DOI 10.1515/CCLM.2011.638 2011/0080 Article in press - uncorrected proof Minireview Post-mortem biochemistry of vitreous humor and glucose metabolism: an update Camille Boulagnon1,*, Roselyne Garnotel2, Paul Fornes1 and Philippe Gillery2 1 Department of Pathology, University Hospital, Reims, France 2 Laboratory of Pediatric Biology and Research, University Hospital, Reims, France Abstract Post-mortem biochemistry, also called thanatochemistry, has proved useful in forensics for

., Bimoclomol improves early electrophysiological signs of retinopathy in diabetic rats, Neuroreport, 1998, 9, 2029-2033 [11] Hooper L.P., Insulin signaling, GSK-3, heat shock proteins and the natural history of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a hypothesis, Metab. Syndr. Relat. Disord., 2007, 5(3), 220-30 [12] Shimizu T., Parker J.C., Najafi H., Matschinsky F.M., Control of glucose metabolism in pancreatic β-cells by glucokinase, hexokinase, and phosphofructokinase, Model study with cell lines derived from β-cells, Diabetes, 1988, 37(11), 1524-1530 [13] Grüeneberger J.M., Karcz

Introduction As the prevalence of (pediatric) obesity has reached pandemic proportions, it has become one of the world’s largest health concerns (1). In the vast majority of cases, obesity in children is attributed to a combination of a sedentary lifestyle and a hypercaloric diet, whereas an endocrine cause is diagnosed in <1% (i.e., Cushing syndrome, growth hormone deficiency, acquired hypothalamic lesions, and hypothyroidism) (2). Obesity is associated with the development of several cardiometabolic risk factors, such as impaired glucose metabolism

© Freund Publishing House Ltd., London Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism, 23, 481-489 (2010) VOLUME 23, NO. 5, 2010 481 The Evaluation of the Adrenal and Thyroid Axes and Glucose Metabolism after Burn Injury in Children Emrah Senel1, Murat Kizilgun2, Fatih Akbiyik1, Halil Atayurt1, H Tugrul Tiryaki1 and Zehra Aycan3 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, 2Department of Biochemistry and Hormone Laboratory, 3Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Diskapi Children’s Hospital, Ankara, Turkey ABSTRACT Introduction: Burn injury is an important

that insulin level and the glucose homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) were the best predictors of MS due to increased adrenergic tone and the renal reabsorption of sodium being associated with hyperinsulinemia, which is common in obesity and T2DM ( 1 ). Follow-up research conducted with Hispanic children to evaluate the persistence of MS with the progressive risk of T2DM also showed that, regardless of body mass, individuals with a prolonged diagnosis of MS had higher insulin levels ( 6 ). Thus, it is possible that glucose metabolism in subjects suffering from MS

-induced gene 2 protein, correlates positively with body mass index (BMI) both in children and adults and has been implicated in inflammation, glucose regulation, vascular function and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome [ 4 ], [ 5 ], [ 6 ], [ 7 ], [ 8 ], [ 9 ]. Progranulin, also known as the granulin-epithelin precursor, proepithelin, PC cell-derived growth factor or acrogranin, has also been shown to play a role in obesity, inflammation and glucose metabolism [ 10 ], [ 11 ]. Increased circulating concentrations of chemerin and progranulin have been shown to be associated with

opposed to regulatory T-cells (Treg). More precisely, Teff express high levels of the glucose transporter Glut1 and are reliant on glucose metabolism, whereas Treg express low levels of Glut1 and are reliant on lipid oxidation. Direct manipulation of cell metabolism determines the fate of CD4+ T-cells [7, 8]. Interestingly, a recent study showed that the key immunomodulatory enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxyganase exerts its immunosuppressive effects at least in part by affecting glucose metabolism in lymphocytes [9]. DCA is a promising substance for the treatment of cancer