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5. Zeus and Hera: Archetypal Image of Father, Husband, and Wife

5 PATHOS IN GREEK RELIGION NONE OF THE numerous occurrences of paschein/pathein in the Iliad or Odyssey requires us to assume that anything but bad is being endured.1 Yet the occurrences in Homer do exhibit two contrasting uses: the speaker may believe that the suffering was brought on by the sufferer himself—that is, that it was punishment he deserved; or he might believe that the suffering was wholly unmerited. As we might expect from their dramatically different theodicies, the two epics give different weight to the two uses. In the Odyssey it is typi

Tradition in the History of Greek Religion Greek religion is a loose term which conceals some major a priori assumptions. It assumes that the Greeks of the archaic and later ages practised a religion which could be defined and localised on geographical, ethnic and indeed chronological lines. However, the classical Greeks did not live in isolation but borrowed ideas from all manner of sources near and far. Ancient religions tended to be more tolerant of the beliefs of others than has been the case of the Christian Church. Settlers, traders, conquerors

10 Zeus and the Greek Religion 83. Tbeogony and struggles between divine generations The very name of Zeus proclaims his nature: he is, preeminently, an Indo-European celestial god (cf. § 62). Theocritus (4.43) could still write that Zeus sometimes shines and sometimes comes down in rain. According to Homer, the portion received by Zeus "is the broad heaven amid the air and the clouds" (Iliad 15.192). A number of his titles emphasize his structure as a god of the atmosphere: Ombrios and Hyetios (Rainy), Ourios (He who sends favorable winds), Astrapios

ROBERT PARKER Greek Religion 1828–2017: the Contribution of Epigraphy The 2016 issue of the specialist journal for Greek religion, Kernos, contains three articles discussing two religious texts that had been published very recently. One is a long Thessalian inscription apparently from the second century BC attesting a hith- erto unknown mystery cult which required initiates to shave their heads; in this cult were celebrated two festivals, the Nisanaia and the Eloulaia, which took their names from months, but not from Greek months, rather from Nisan and Elul

in 2018