I.1 HistoryofKnowledge Representation
Antiquity: Library Catalogs and Hierarchical Concept Orders
The historyofknowledge representation goes a long way back. Particularly philos-
ophers and librarians face the task of putting knowledge into a systematic order—
the former being more theoretically-minded, the latter concerned with the practical
aspect. We thus have to pursue two branches in our short historyofknowledge repre-
sentation—one dealing with the theoretical endeavors of structuring knowledge, the
other with the practical task of making knowledge
Genealogy and the HistoryofKnowledge
This book starts from the assumption that an entire dimension is largely missing
in contemporary scholarship on early modern genealogy. Scholarly literature
largely concerns itself with two related questions: Which social and political
functions did family histories and genealogies have? And how was the genealo-
gical past presented to fulfill these functions in the most successful way? Histor-
ians have mostly been interested in the form, role, and social relevance of stories
of family origin
1 Between Myth and HistoryofKnowledge
Like all learning and technical knowledge originating in or developed by Greece over
the course of Alexander’s three-pronged conquest (military, political, and cultural),
philosophy provided a horizon of thought for the ancient world. It suffused the civi-
lised world with new concepts and new tools of discourse for logical and empirical
methods, organising knowledge and creating new theories of perception and com-
munication for the tasks of explaining and interpreting reality and its components.
Taking full advantage of
to be superior, however, and eventually replaced the other mod-
els. Yet Gilmour did not patent his loom at that time or even try to monopolize
its use. Instead, he shared the design, charging another mechanic, David
Wilkinson, $10 for the drawings. Wilkinson and Gilmour began building
textile equipment for other manufacturers, with Judge Lyman’s blessing.
C H A P T E R 1 1
The Forgotten HistoryofKnowledge Sharing
176 T E C H N O L O G Y P O L I C Y
Later, these manufacturers raised a $1,500 reward for Gilmour to thank him
for his contribution.
Burke Peter A Social HistoryofKnowledge II: From the Encyclopédie to Wikipedia. 2012 Mass. Cambridge/Malden £ 17,99 Für den Frühneuzeitler bietet die reflexive Betrachtung der Neuzeit und der Zeitgeschichte eine besondere Herausforderung. Zwölf Jahre nach seiner erhellenden Darstellung „A Social HistoryofKnowledge: From Gutenberg to Diderot“ (Cambridge 2000) beschäftigt sich Peter Burke in seinem neuen mit den sozialen Praktiken, Gruppen bzw. Institutionen und Konstellationen, durch welche Wissen in Westeuropa und in Amerika von ca. 1750 bis heute
ideals using a certain type of historyofknowledge. Th eir conceptions are comparable because they both use simi-
lar conceptual dichotomies to characterize the diff erence between scien-
tifi c and nonscientifi c knowledge. In the second part of this chapter, I
will criticize these attempts as not doing justice to the complexity of the
social and emotional setting in which knowledge develops.
Th e philosophical ac complishments of Husserl a nd Sellars a re g reat.
Phenomenology, Husserl’s philosophical creation, has become one of the
This review argues that the notion of the semiotic animal as the most characteristic one for human activity has a long and disputable history, not in Deely’s writings only but in philosophy in general. The idea of the three co-authors of the book under review, taken from “the air”, ripens and expands with unexpected meaning with respect to its origin, appropriateness, and ongoing novelty. The strongest argument for coining the new definition was found by Deely in Peirce’s semiosis and in Poinsot’s way of sign, a road that had not been taken in the history of knowledge.