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I.1 History of Knowledge Representation Antiquity: Library Catalogs and Hierarchical Concept Orders The history of knowledge representation goes a long way back. Particularly philos- ophers and librarians face the task of putting knowledge into a systematic order— the former being more theoretically-minded, the latter concerned with the practical aspect. We thus have to pursue two branches in our short history of knowledge repre- sentation—one dealing with the theoretical endeavors of structuring knowledge, the other with the practical task of making knowledge

Markus Friedrich Genealogy and the History of Knowledge Introduction¹ This book starts from the assumption that an entire dimension is largely missing in contemporary scholarship on early modern genealogy. Scholarly literature largely concerns itself with two related questions: Which social and political functions did family histories and genealogies have? And how was the genealo- gical past presented to fulfill these functions in the most successful way? Histor- ians have mostly been interested in the form, role, and social relevance of stories of family origin

1 Between Myth and History of Knowledge Like all learning and technical knowledge originating in or developed by Greece over the course of Alexander’s three-pronged conquest (military, political, and cultural), philosophy provided a horizon of thought for the ancient world. It suffused the civi- lised world with new concepts and new tools of discourse for logical and empirical methods, organising knowledge and creating new theories of perception and com- munication for the tasks of explaining and interpreting reality and its components. Taking full advantage of

to be superior, however, and eventually replaced the other mod- els. Yet Gilmour did not patent his loom at that time or even try to monopolize its use. Instead, he shared the design, charging another mechanic, David Wilkinson, $10 for the drawings. Wilkinson and Gilmour began building textile equipment for other manufacturers, with Judge Lyman’s blessing. C H A P T E R 1 1 The Forgotten History of Knowledge Sharing 176 T E C H N O L O G Y P O L I C Y Later, these manufacturers raised a $1,500 reward for Gilmour to thank him for his contribution. Gilmour

Burke Peter A Social History of Knowledge II: From the Encyclopédie to Wikipedia. 2012 Mass. Cambridge/Malden £ 17,99 Für den Frühneuzeitler bietet die reflexive Betrachtung der Neuzeit und der Zeitgeschichte eine besondere Herausforderung. Zwölf Jahre nach seiner erhellenden Darstellung „A Social History of Knowledge: From Gutenberg to Diderot“ (Cambridge 2000) beschäftigt sich Peter Burke in seinem neuen mit den sozialen Praktiken, Gruppen bzw. Institutionen und Konstellationen, durch welche Wissen in Westeuropa und in Amerika von ca. 1750 bis heute

ideals using a certain type of history of knowledge. Th eir conceptions are comparable because they both use simi- lar conceptual dichotomies to characterize the diff erence between scien- tifi c and nonscientifi c knowledge. In the second part of this chapter, I will criticize these attempts as not doing justice to the complexity of the social and emotional setting in which knowledge develops. Introduction Th e philosophical ac complishments of Husserl a nd Sellars a re g reat. Phenomenology, Husserl’s philosophical creation, has become one of the strongest

Migration und globale Verflechtungen in der Zeitgeschichte seit 1945

Abstract

This review argues that the notion of the semiotic animal as the most characteristic one for human activity has a long and disputable history, not in Deely’s writings only but in philosophy in general. The idea of the three co-authors of the book under review, taken from “the air”, ripens and expands with unexpected meaning with respect to its origin, appropriateness, and ongoing novelty. The strongest argument for coining the new definition was found by Deely in Peirce’s semiosis and in Poinsot’s way of sign, a road that had not been taken in the history of knowledge.