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Chapter 6 Information Ethics 6.1 Ethics of a New Culture The knowledge society forms an entirely new culture. Knowledge is delinea- rized in and between hyperdocuments, graphic input devices (like the mouse) re- quire less ability to write, while output links alphabetical signs with icons and graphics, thus changing the way we read. Computer and telecommunication are becoming uncircumventable tools. Knowledge is available everywhere, all the time. If this is indeed the case, then we are standing on the threshold from the cul- ture of writing to the

CHAPTER EIGHT Information ethics: duties and responsibilities Freedom to communicate leads naturally on to the duties and responsibilities of those who have privileged access to sensitive information. Ignoring for now state and official security matters, many more people nowadays have privileged access to much more information about each one of us as individuals than was the case even a mere 20 years ago. Much of this is information about our finances, our health and the way we live which we would not want made public, let alone misused for someone else

CHAPTER SEVEN Information ethics: expectations and rights Ethics has exercised the minds of thoughtful people for at least 3000 years, probably ever since human beings started to live together in communities. The proper balance between the rights and freedoms of the individual and the advancement of the greater good is a vital aim. Even animals of the same species have an instinctive code of behaviour towards each other which contributes to the continuation of the species. For human society, frequent review of ethical principles is important. As Bernard

CHAPTER NINE Information ethics: intellectual property, privacy and data protection So far, in discussing rights to seek, know and disseminate infor- mation, the only limitations to those rights considered have been those that would arise from misuse of the information. However, the rights of the owner are another important factor. One might ask whether there can be ownership of anything as intangible as information. Assuming, for the moment, that it is feasible to ascribe ownership, how can ownership be defined and what rights does it give? Can the

Libri, Vol. 62, pp. 19–40, March 2012 • Copyright © by Walter de Gruyter • Berlin • Boston. DOI 10.1515/libri-2012-0002 A Framework for Understanding the Teaching of Information Ethics in Africa Kimberly Douglass Dr. Kimberly Douglass, Assistant Professor, School of Information Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.A. Email: kdougla2@utk.edu Abstract The study of information ethics education in Africa is relatively new and has yet to gain an empirical and normative footing. However, it has gained mo- mentum in the

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East–West Perspectives on Privacy, Ethical Pluralism and Global Information Ethics Charles Ess, Drury Introduction: the Manichean Problem Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are both primary drivers and facilitating technologies of globalization—and thereby, of ex- ponentially expanding possibilities of cross-cultural encounters. Currently, over one billion persons throughout the planet have access to the Web: of these, Asian users constitute 35.8% of the Web population, while Europeans make up 28.3 % of world users—and North Americans only

Standortbestimmung’, International Journal of Information Ethics, 1 (06/2004) Retrieved 10.8.06 from http://container.zkm.de/ijie/ijie/no001/ijie_001_02_capurro.pdf Cavallin, M. & Lindblad, S. (2006) Världsmästerskap i vetenskap? En granskning av internationella rankinglistor och deres sätt att hantera kvaliteter hos universitet. Göteborgs universitetet, Dnr. GII530/06. Retrieved 10.8.06 from http://www3.gu.se/rapporter/2006/060210_Rankinglistor.pdf Computer Industry Almanac Inc. (2006) Retrieved 12.8.06 from: http://www.c-i-a.com/pr0106.htm Coyle, K. (2004) ‘The ‘Rights’, in

Introduction Due to the recent rapid growth of plagiarized materials ( Rosenberg 2011 ; Isoc 2014 ) “plagiarism on the rise” has become a disputable discourse. Some research with different perspectives has addressed this phenomenon. Plagiarism is critical because it threatens researchers’ scientific outputs as knowledge assets in modern scientific societies. Information ethics is a realm that tries to provide an answer for this issue and its various dimensions. In a developing country like Iran, plagiarism is regarded as a serious problem affecting scientific

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Hears, May 10. http://belfasttelegraph.co.uk . Erwin A. 2016 The Belfast Telegraph.” Boston College Tapes: Police Bid for Access to Former IRA Man’s Interviews Just ‘Fishing Expedition’, Court Hears May 10 http://belfasttelegraph.co.uk Foley, M. 2012. “A Question of Sources.” Index on Censorship 41 (3):83–8. doi: 10.1177/0306422012456133 . Foley M. 2012 A Question of Sources Index on Censorship 41 3 83 8 10.1177/0306422012456133 Freeman, L., and A. G. Peace. (eds.). 2005. Information Ethics: Privacy and Intellectual Property . IGI Global. 10

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International Journal of Libraries and Information Studies