the individual, as the symbolic epicentre of the possibilities of self-determination and growth. Italiancontemporaryliterature on labour (and the homology with law remains relevant) highlights the traumatic and disaggregating nature of modern labour when its active, creative and formative component becomes secondary: when the ambiguous and contradictory nature of labour – as a means of realization and social recognition on the one hand, or dehumanizing activity on the other (see supra ) – is resolved by the second meaning.
Culture (2001), Zygmunt Baranski and Rebecca
West pioneered a broader cultural history of Italy’s transition to moder-
nity, from unification to the twenty-first century, including essays on fash-
ion, media, religion, folk music, and design. In Italian Modernism (2004),
Mario Moroni and Luca Somigli opened a new field of investigation in
the literary studies of the period by tracing the visible connections of
Italiancontemporaryliterature to the European modernist experience
and reconfiguring as an applicable literary category the term modernism
retrieval of works by
Italian women writers for a possible taxonomy of their contributions – an
effort of which Santoro’s two anthologies are emblematic – systematizing
their work seems problematic even in recent times. In his otherwise bril-
liant survey of Italiancontemporaryliterature An Introduction to Twentieth-
Century Italian Literature,13 even my enlightened colleague Robert S. Gordon
falls prey to stereotypes about women writers, hopping between Sibilla
Aleramo, Anna Banti, and Natalia Ginzburg, between Anna Maria Ortese
and Oriana Fallaci. He fails to provide
and a new
literature - our critical problem consists precisely in measuring the influ-
ence exerted by the war and the Resistenza ... upon the tendencies already
active within Italiancontemporaryliterature.') Ibid., 550.
162 Notes to pages 8-10
20 See Maria Stone, 'Staging Fascism: The Exhibition of the Fascist Revolution,'
in Journal of Contemporary History 28 (1993): 215-43.
21 See, e.g., Emilio Gentile, II culto del littorio (Bari: Laterza, 1995); Mario
Isnenghi, L'ltalia delfascio (Florence: Giunti, 1996); and Zunino
22 See Diane Ghirardo, 'City and