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the solid-liquid extraction processes such as tea and coffee infusion [ 1 , 2 ]. Tea infusion is one of the solid-liquid extraction processes, which is of great importance due to world-wide large consumption of tea as a beverage. Kinetics and modeling of tea infusion has been studied by many researchers. Spiro and coworkers carried out extensive research on tea infusion kinetics and other aspects of tea infusion such as partitioning of tea solutes [ 3 , 4 ], effect of leaf sizes on kinetics [ 5 ], tea bag infusion [ 6 ] and effect of ions present in water on rate

1 Introduction Thermodynamics and kinetics are two fundamental knowledge in different fields of science and engineering and play an important role in numerous areas, such as chemical engineering, metallurgy, biotechnology, food processing, and petroleum engineering ( Coker 2001 ; Holze 2007 ). Thermodynamics is generally used to predict and suggest directions, energies, products, and equilibrium conditions of chemical reactions ( Zhang 2008 ). However, in thermodynamics, the time is assumed to be vast and only the properties related to initial and final states

On the Mechanism of the Acridine Orange Sensitized Photodynamic Inactivation of Lysozyme I. Basic Kinetics Hartmut Schmidt and Peter Rosenkranz Institut für physikalische Biochemie der Universität Frankfurt a. M. (Z. Naturforsch. 31 c, 29 — 39 [1976]; received July 7/September 19, 1975) Photodynamic Effect, Singlet Oxygen, Lysozyme, Acridine Orange, Kinetics The kinetics of the photodynamic desactivation of lysozyme in presence of acridine orange as the sensitizer have been investigated in detail varying oxygen, protein, dye concentration, ionic strength

Kinetics of 13 New Cholinesterase Inhibitors Pavla Zdražilováa, Šárka Štěpánkováa, Alena Komersováa, Martina Vránováa, Karel Komersa,*, and Alexander Čeganb a Faculty of Chemical Technology, Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Pardu- bice, nám. Čs. legiı́ 565, 53210 Pardubice, Czech Republic. Fax: (0042046) 6037068. E-mail: karel.komers@upce.cz b Department of Biological and Biochemical Sciences, University of Pardubice, Štrossova 239, 530 02 Pardubice, Czech Republic * Author for correspondence and reprint requests Z. Naturforsch. 61c

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL REACTOR ENGINEERING Volume 8 2010 Article A44 Kinetics of Acid Hydrolysis of Arabinogalactans Bright T. Kusema∗ Chunlin Xu† ¨ Päivi Mäki-Arvela‡ Stefan Willfor∗∗ Bjarne Holmbom†† Tapio Salmi‡‡ Dmitry Y. Murzin§ ˚ ˚ ˚ ˚ ˚ ˚ ˚ ∗Abo Akademi University, Finland, bright.kusema@abo.fi †Abo Akademi University, Finland, chunlin.xu@abo.fi ‡Abo Akademi University, Finland, paivi.maki-arvela@abo.fi ∗∗Abo Akademi University, Finland, stefan.willfor@abo.fi ††Abo Akademi University, Finland, bjarne.holmbom@abo.fi ‡‡Abo Akademi University

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL REACTOR ENGINEERING Volume 1 2003 Article A10 Chemical Kinetics in Dispersed-Phase Reactors Ben J. McCoy∗ Giridhar Madras† ∗Louisiana State University, bjmccoy@lsu.edu †Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, giridhar@chemeng.iisc.ernet.in ISSN 1542-6580 Copyright c©2003 by the authors. All rights reserved. Chemical Kinetics in Dispersed-Phase Reactors Ben J. McCoy and Giridhar Madras Abstract Many chemical engineering processes occur under conditions when a dis- persed phase undergoes fragmentation (breakup) and/or aggregation

[1] Antal, M. J., Jr., & Várhegyi, G. (1995). Cellulose pyrolysis kinetics: The current state of knowledge. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 34, 703–717. DOI: 10.1021/ie00042a001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie00042a001 [2] Antal, M. J., Jr., Várhegyi, G., & Jakab, E. (1998). Cellulose pyrolysis kinetics: Revisited. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 37, 1267–1275. DOI: 10.1021/ie970144v. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie970144v [3] Arseneau, D. F. (1971). Competitive reactions in the thermal decomposition of cellulose. Canadian Journal of

American Mineralogist, Volume 97, pages 80–99, 2012 0003-004X/12/0001–080$05.00/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am.2012.3750 80 Kinetics of evaporation of forsterite in vacuum Kazuhito ozawa,1,* hiroKo Nagahara,1 MasaNa MorioKa,† NaoKo MatsuMoto,1 iaN D. hutcheoN,2 taKaaKi Noguchi,3 aND hiroyuKi Kagi4 1Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan 2Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551, U.S.A. 3College of Science, Ibaraki University, Mito 310-8512, Japan 4Geochemical