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Abstract

This paper presents a two layered control architecture - Superior hand control (SHC) followed by Local hand control (LHC) for an extreme upper limb prosthesis. The control architecture is for executing grasping operations involved in 70% of daily living activities. Forearm electromyogram actuated SHC is for recognition of user’s intended grasp. LHC control the fingers to be actuated for the recognized grasp. The finger actuation is controlled through a proportionalintegral- derivative controller customized with fingertip force sensor. LHC controls joint angles and velocities of the fingers in the prosthetic hand. Fingers in the prosthetic hand emulate the dynamic constraints of human hand fingers. The joint angle trajectories and velocity profiles of the prosthetic hand finger are in close approximation to those of the human finger