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393 Chapter 15 MESOAMERICA Heather McKillop THE HEIGHT OF the Classic Maya civilization and its demise in the tropical landscape of Central America occurred during the Early Middle Ages.1 The Classic period is defined as the time when the Maya erected carved monuments in the centre of cities with dates in the Maya long count between about 300 and 900 CE.2 The dates recorded the dynastic histories of kings and queens of city- states. Accompanying hieroglyphs on stone monuments describe events in the lives of the dynastic leaders about marriage and other

Introduction: The view from Mesoamerica Barbara Pfeiler The large number of vernacular languages in Mesoamerica1 and the fact that most are threatened with extinction makes the study of language acqui- sition in them urgent. Language acquisition data for non-Indo-European languages constitutes a valuable contribution to linguistics, and Mesoamerica is a rich analytical field. Interest in Mesoamerican languages is rooted in their formal and typological linguistic differences. They are also promising for exploration of the acquisition process in

The typology of Pamean number systems and the limits of Mesoamerica as a linguistic area HERIBERTO AVELINO Linguistic Typology 10 (2006), 41–60 1430–0532/2006/010-041 DOI 10.1515/LINGTY.2006.002 cWalter de Gruyter Abstract Pamean languages have been considered to be outside of the Mesoamerican linguistic area. However, the number systems of Pamean show typical Meso- american structures: order of constituents Multiplier-Base-Addend, and sys- tems with bases 10 and 20. Pamean languages have a typologically unusual, but consistent base 8. The present study presents

these areas which are defined more narrowly in Campbell et al. (1986) for Mesoamerica and Stolz et al. (2003) for Europe. For evidence of suppletion and related issues in ordinal systems of languages from other geographical regions (including the diachronic perspective) the reader is referred to Stolz et al. (in preparation) . In Stolz (2001 : 518–520), the areal peculiarities of European ordinals have been identified as a topic worthwhile studying. On the basis of material collected by Smith-Stark (1991) , This source is a hand-out of four pages distributed

1 Background The Sprachbund known as Mesoamerica comprises a wealth of mega-linguistic diversity. Spread throughout a vast territory, Mesoamerica not only occupies what today we call Mexico. It ranges in its northern frontier from Arid America (roughly the regions linked to desert areas to the North of Mexico), passing through the Mexican central plateau (in and around where Mexico City is today), to reach Central America, around the limits of El Salvador and Honduras (see Map 1 ). Historically, previous to the Spanish invasion in the sixteenth century, it is

John Fought Patterns of Sociolinguistic Inequality in Mesoamerica* In ancient times, Mesoamerica, like Peru, was the homeland of a succession of high cultures. What is known or inferred about these cultures adds a dimension to the picture of language use and social organization lacking in other regions of native America. This paper will first sketch some traits of Mesoamerican sociolinguistics; it will then look more closely, as well as more personally, at three Mayan towns I visited between 1965 and 1972; next it will look backward, speculating on

Ports of Trade in Mesoamerica: A Reappraisal F R A N C I S F R E I B E R D A N As an outgrowth of Polanyi's project on economic aspects of insti- tutional development, several applications of the concept "ports of t rade" of early empires have emerged (Polanyi 1966; Arnold 1957a; Revere 1957; Leeds 1962; Chapman 1957). The fullest theoretical exposition is given in his "Ports of trade in early societies " (Polanyi 1963). Ports of trade are defined as intentionally neutral locales where representatives of political entities meet for the purpose of

piso de piedras chicas, aplanadas con un revocado de lodo, cubría la plaza o terraza que se extiende al oriente del Montículo y que pronto empieza a subir hacia la falda occidental del Cerro de la Mesa. Foto 1 El Patio mas Antiguo de Mesoamerica 619 M - 6 Corte 3ZIIL I X x-425^. / * Mientras se excavaba en la falda oriental del Montículo se inició el trabajo en la cumbre levantando capas de 0.15 m. de espesor. El piso más super- ficial, o I, se dividió en cuadrados de 1 m. por lado, señalados con letras, como se ve en el croquis (Lám. 2). El Piso I era