SPANISH W O M E N IN FIRST NEWCHRONICLE
AND GOOD GOVERNMENT:
THE INTERSECTIONS OF CULTURE AND GENDER1
Historians, anthropologists and literary critics have been intrigued by the recip-
rocal manner in which Europeans and Indians have viewed and described each
other in oral and written testimonies. When studying the early contact period in
the Americas, the examination of the written and pictorial records allows us to
contrast and reinterpret works from both sides of the Atlantic with the aim of un-
covering the dynamics of cultural
3 A colonized world reflected
In the paper of Dedenbach-Salazar Sáenz the other side of the colonial medal is
elucidated, and we see the colonial world described through the eyes of an indig-
enous Peruvian: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala (c.1535–post 1616), the son of a
noble Inca family. He was the author and illustrator of the famous Primer nueva
coronica y buen gobierno ‘First newchronicle and good government’ (1612–1615).
Guaman Poma comments the anti-social conduct of the rulers and administra-
tors, comparing them with wild beasts and ascribing them
Babylonia. With the aid of a
newchronicle, C. B . F. Walker has recently shown that this belief about Adad-
apla-iddina's ancestry was based upon a misunderstanding of a passage in the
Eclectic Chronicle (Grayson Chronicles no. 24 obv. 8—11). In chronicles, Adad-,
apla-iddina is described variously as the "son" (A) of Itti-Marduk-balätu and as
the "son" (A) of Esagil-sadüni "son" (A) of a nobody. Thus, Walker raises anew
the possibility that Adad-apla-iddina was descended from Itti-Marduk-balätu,
the second king of the dynasty who reigned some 65 years earlier
. 231 note 10.
5) Ud-Sakar = azkaru (BRÜNNOW, Nr. 7857) "new moon" and then
crescent of the new moon. See Wuss-ARNOLT, Assyr. Dictionary p. 26a.
CT XX, 39, 17 the biliary duct (NA) is compared to an azkaru.
6) See JASTROW, 1. c. II p. 229 note 5.
7) Literally "sons of his palace" by which evidently the royal attend-
ants or high officials of some kind are meant. The some phrase — ntari
ekalli-Su — occurs in the newChronicle (nr. 26472) published by KJNG,
Chronicles concerning Early ßabylonian Kings II p. 5 (obv. 7), for which in
the corresponding passage in the
-Malik ʿAbd al-ʿAziz, 1982‒83.
4 Jörg Matthias Determann, Historiography in Saudi Arabia – Globalization and the State in the
Middle East, London/New York: I.B Tauris, 2014, 28‒29.
a newchronicle, cemented the official narrative and founding myths around
Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab.
Crawford supplements this with information provided from works of his
opponents, which are equally highly polemical and biased. Ultimately, he weighs
two biased sets of sources against each other, guiding the reader towards possi-
ble conclusions and answers. As mentioned
Revisiting the Colonial Question in Latin America
Mabel Moraña and Carlos A. Jáuregui 7
Notes on Primitive Imperial Accumulation. Ginés de Sepúlveda,
Las Casas, Fernández de Oviedo
Alberto Moreiras 15
Forgotten Colonial Subjects
Lucia Helena Costigan 39
Spanish Women in First NewChronicle and Good Government:
The Intersections of Culture and Gender
Raquel Chang-Rodríguez 59
The "Indian Tumult" of 1692 in the Folds of Baroque
Celebrations. Historiography, Popular Subversion, and Creole
Agency in Colonial México
Mabel Moraña 79