life heroes.” She died of cancer at sixty-seven.
Advance Obituaries 59
4. Real estate developer Jimmy Zhai was one of the country’s richest men.
His company built shopping malls and housing developments all over the
Northeastern United States. He was rumored to have connections with
organized crime, but the charges were never proven. He loved to receive
attention, and newspapers and TV shows often carried stories about his
opulentlifestyle. He died at age fifty-four in a speedboat accident.
Choose one of the following topics.
A.How do you want to
, who lived very nearby in Pshetslav, was a Polish
szlachcic from the “old school” and a rather miserly person to boot. He was not
at all fond of his Jewish estate holder’s opulentlifestyle. He really disliked him
and decided that when the nine years of the lease were up, he would not renew
the contract. Count Ray was born and raised in Pshetslav, knew every Jew in the
region intimately and spoke a very passable Yiddish. Incidentally, he was also the
son of the old Count Ray, who was the leader of the unfortunate insurrection
of 1846, when he was killed by
of an army family posted to a garrison town, although
we also glimpse the opulentlife-style of the military elite when Osugi
visits his Tokyo relatives. Always Osugi is at pains to show us how little
freedom was possible in this brutalizing atmosphere, as in chapter 4
when he takes us to the dormitories and playing fields of the military
education system.3 The leitmotif throughout is personal freedom—how
2. See, for example, Yamada Seizaburo, ed., Puroretaria bungakushi.
3. Some of the violence and sexual behavior Osugi depicts has analogues in the
would always want to participate. And,
of course, under such a system the royalty found that much of the spoil
went right back out again to retain the best coaches. But there was plenty of
money generated for an opulentlifestyle for themselves as well.
Fans loved the athletic competition dearly. But they loved men’s com-
petition the most. And they paid the most for that kind of competition. So
men’s competition is just what the royalty gave to the people. And coaches
of the most popular men’s sports enjoyed the most opulentlifestyle of all.
There were lesser
orthodox belief and notable deviations
from it, heresy became a worry to established prelates of every
stripe, regardless of whether they were members of monastic or-
ders or of secular cathedral chapters. Because the opulentlifestyles
of the monastic communities had compromised their status, how-
ever, these religious orders were poorly positioned to respond to
the growing threat. For the reasons already discussed, bishops—
allied with a series of powerful popes—were now in a stronger po-
sition to meet the challenge of heresy. In the process, they could re-
his real significance for Hungar ian history lies primarily in the
splendid and long-lasting intellectual charisma of his personality
and epoch. H e was the King wi th the most opulentlifestyle, yet he
had the c o m m o n touch in a way that was not remembered of any
other monarch. Hence the saying "King Mathias is dead, and justice
has gone too!"
The Heroic Age of the Hunyadis and the Turkish Danger 85
Mathias the "King of the People" embodied the splendour of the
Hungarian nation and the acme of Hungarian power. Thus it is
shelves, an antique chandelier—signs of an opulentlifestyle
abounded. A number of lightly colored landscape scrolls hung
from the walls; two more lay spread out on the floor. Just out-
side the window a profusion of bamboo rustled in the wind, cast-
ing ceaselessly swaying shadows over the room.
S o l d i ers Alive
❚ 1 4 1 ❚
“Now then, my dear Kondò, the world seems to be in quite
an uproar these days. What do you think will come of it?”
“Indeed, even our old boy Chiang Kai-shek has been mak-
ing a nuisance of himself.* I finally went to see him again the
Liberty, eds. David Bromwich and George Kateb (New
Haven: Yale UP, 2003).
12 Voltaire, Romans et contes, eds. Deloffre and van den Heuvel (Paris: Gal-
limard, 1979) 384–92. See also Dictionnaire (267) for a similar listing of the
Northern tier of countries which “detached themselves” from the “Roman
communion.” But here the cause is “poverty,” and the inability of the more
impoverished North to support an opulentlifestyle and demands for more
money from the Church. The North, in his words, assumed a new religion
“at a better price” (meilleur marché), an