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handbook of inflection. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Jones, Linda K. 1986. The question of ergativity in Yawa, a Papuan language. Australian Journal of Linguistics 6 (1), pp. 37-55. Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2014. Ethnologue: Languages of the world (seventeenth edition). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: Li, Charles, Rainer Lang. 1979. The syntactic irrelevance of an ergative case in Enga and other Papuan languages. In: Plank, Frans (ed.), Ergativity: Towards a theory of grammatical

Cut and break verbs in Yélı̂ Dnye, the Papuan language of Rossel Island* STEPHEN C. LEVINSON Abstract The paper explores verbs of cutting and breaking (C&B, hereafter) in Yélı̂ Dnye, the Papuan language of Rossel Island. The Yélı̂ Dnye verbs covering the C&B domain do not divide it in the expected way, with verbs focusing on special instruments and manners of action on the one hand, and verbs fo- cusing on the resultant state on the other. Instead, just three transitive verbs and their intransitive counterparts cover most of the domain, and they are all based

Sketch Grammars

AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGES 139 3. POLYNESIAN LANGUAGES Samoan G. B. Milner, Samoan Dictionary. Samoan-English, English- Samoan. London, Oxford University Press, 1965. xlii + 465 pp. 63/- sh. 4. MELANESIAN LANGUAGES XII. PAPUAN LANGUAGES General A. Pence, E. Deibler, P. M. Healey, B. A. Hooley, Papers in New Guinea Linguistics, No. 1 (== Linguistic Circle of Can- berra Publications, Occasional Papers, 3). Canberra, The Australian National University, 1964. 42 pp. A. Pence, "Intonation in Kunimaipa", 1-16; E. Deibler, "The application of matrix to the Gahuku verbs", 17

flow of speech and that of a more artificial articulation according to words. 4. MELANESIAN LANGUAGES XII. PAPUAN LANGUAGES Darlene Bee, Papers in New Guinea Linguistics, No. 4 (= Linguistic Circle of Canberra Publications, series A: Occasional Papers, 6). Canberra, The Australian University, 1965. 68 pp. The present volume is divided into two parts. Part I is entitled "Com- parative and Historical Problems in East New Guinea Highland Lan- guages". The purpose of this paper is to take a few more steps into the frontiers of comparative and historical research in New

Expressing the GIVE event in Papuan languages: A preliminary survey GER REESINK Linguistic Typology 17 (2013), 217–266 1430–0532/2013/017-0217 DOI 10.1515/lingty-2013-0010 ©Walter de Gruyter Abstract The linguistic expression of the give event is investigated in a sample of 72 Papuan languages, 33 belonging to the Trans New Guinea family, 39 of vari- ous non-TNG lineages. Irrespective of the verbal template (prefix, suffix, or no indexation of undergoer), in the majority of languages the recipient is marked as the direct object of a monotransitive verb, which

‘Please open the fish’: Verbs of separation in Tidore, a Papuan language of Eastern Indonesia MIRIAM VAN STADEN* Abstract This article discusses the semantics of verbs of separation in Tidore. Tidore is particularly rich in this domain, with many verbs cross-classifying di¤er- ent aspects of separation events. An empirical investigation into this domain showed that the domain of cutting and breaking verbs as distinct from other verbs of separation (open) is not straightforward in Tidore. In their mor- phosyntactic behavior the verbs turned out to be unusual

CHAPTER 7 Papuan Languages: Gram- matical Overview The seven hundred or so Papuan languages of the Pacific belong to a num- ber of distinct and apparently unrelated families. For this reason alone, it is much more difficult to make grammatical generalizations about them than about the Oceanic languages treated in chapter 6. I attempt here to give a very general feel for the diversity of Papuan languages, focusing specifically on differences between them and Oceanic languages. The interested reader is referred to Foley’s excellent survey of these languages (Foley

8 The morphosyntactic typology of Papuan languages William A. Foley Papuan languages belong to over forty language families, and there are over two dozen isolates in the New Guinea region, so not surprisingly the types of morpho- syntactic structures we encounter among them are extremely diverse. For example, the basic clausal constituent orders attested are usually subject-object-verb (SOV) and subject-verb-object (SVO), but verb-subject-object (VSO) is attested in one language, the isolate Kuot of New Ireland (Chung and Chung 1996), and object

7 The Papuan languages of Island Melanesia Tonya Stebbins, Bethwyn Evans and Angela Terrill 7.1. Introduction: theoretical issues The Papuan languages of Island Melanesia are those languages which do not belong to the Austronesian language family and are spoken on the archipelago of islands lying to the east of New Guinea: that is, the islands of the Bismarck Archipelago, Bougainville and the Solomon Islands, as well as the outlying Rossel Island, at the extreme edge of Papua New Guinea’s Milne Bay Province. As we will show, the languages display an enormous