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Jahrbücher f. Nationalökonomie u. Statistik (Lucius & Lucius, Stuttgart 2007) Bd. (Vol.) 227/5+6 Das Sisyphus-Syndrom imGesundheitswesen: Neue Evidenz The Sisyphus Syndrome in Health: New Evidence Von Peter Zweifel, Zürich JEL I10, J10 Production of health, health care expenditure, dynamic feed back, Sisyphus syndrome. Summary Health care may be similar to the work Sisyphus, a Greek hero who was condemned by the Gods to push a big rock up a hill only to see it slip out of his hands before making it to the top. To see why there my be a Sisyphus syndrome in health

insu- rance premiums, co-payments, and out-of-pocket expenditures are internationally under review. The process of spending these ressources in order to pay health care services needs not only a solid analysis but a major reform as well. The basis of this article is a new framework including a minimum insurance obligation (basis health care for all) with freedom to choose between different health insurances and benefit structures and through different service packages. The mini- mum insurance obligation includes more competition within the production of health

care delivery systems (§140 a-d SGB V) and selective contracting between networks of service pro- viders and purchasers are advocated as an effective method to improve the performance of the German health care system. The problems of measurability, motivation associated with spe- cific production of health care services forms a stronger regulatory environment. Contracting mechanisms should be analysed before purchasers can rely on obtaining these services from the selective contracting sector. This paper focuses on the theories from new institutional economics to

A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation

Similarities Between Quality and Health Promoting Compounds as a Result to Stress

Antioxidants are produce by plants as a defence mechanism against stress. It is not unlikely that quality related properties are related to that stress induced production system (secondary metabolites). Based on purely theoretical considerations and on scarce information from literature and experts, a highly speculative model was developed to investigate the possible importance of stress levels on the production of health promoting compounds and quality related properties. Simulations with that model, using completely arbitrary parameter values showed that a relation exist between applied stress and production of these beneficiary compounds.

An Economic Perspective

References Auster, R., Levenson I. & Sarachek D. (1969). The production of health: an exploratory study. Journal of Human Resources, 4(4), 411-436. DOI: 10.2307/145166 Baltagi, B.H. (2005). Econometric Analysis of Panel Data. UK: John Wiley and Sons Press. Behrman, J.R. & Deolalikar B. (1988). Health and nutrition. In H.B. Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (Eds.), Handbook of development economics (pp.631-711). Amsterdam: North-Holland. Berger, M. & Leigh J. (1989). Schooling, self-selection, and health. Journal of Human Resources, 24(3), 433-455. DOI: 10

are possible. As nursing shortages and faculty shortages grow, we can expect that expediency in the production of health care workers may become more highly valued than the preparation of educated professionals. Pressure to eliminate “fluff” in nursing programs and return to training models of nursing education may arise. One response is sound data about graduates’ performance and the effects on client care, both of which may be linked to the educational and philosophical approaches that underlie nursing education programs. Carroll Iwasiw, Dolly Goldenberg

Agriculture Europe (pp. 194–200). Berlin, Jovis. MARTINO, G., GIACCHÈ, G., ROSSETTI, E. (2016): Organizing the co-production of health and environmental values in food production: The constitutional processes in the relationships between italian solidarity purchasing groups and farmers. Sustainability (Switzerland), 8(4): 1–22. MAYR, M., MAYR, R. (2014): Schwarzplan: Open Street Map basierte Schwarzpläne. Berlin. MINAH, G. (2008): Colour as Idea: The Conceptual Basis for Using Colour in Architecture and Urban Design. Colour: Design & Creativity, 2(3): 1–9. NÖFER, T. (2002

On the importance of gender as a social concept in epidemiology Epidemiology aims to describe the distribution and determinants of the physical and mental health of populations. Social epidemiology in particular is concerned with how social determinants such as systems, institutions, and relationships influence health and contribute to the production of health inequities. Among social epidemiologists there is a growing awareness of the role of gender and of the value of distinguishing a person’s biological sex as anatomical, physiological, genetic and hormonal