The Case of Substance Abuse Disorders
Of all the scientifically supported treatments for mental disorders, moti-
vational interviewing for substance abuse problems is most closely related to
self-determination theory. Indeed, the prescriptions of this technique and of
SDT are in many cases almost identical. We already discussed several aspects
of motivational interviewing in Chapter 6. In this chapter we focus on this
technique, review the evidence that it is effective, and point out the clear
connections between it and SDT
This study compares and describes relationships among stress-recovery indices, the heart rate variability index, and the Cooper and Yo-Yo IR1 tests among female soccer players during the last six weeks of the competitive season. Sixteen female soccer players engaged in a pre-test of all of the variables. After having their training monitored for six weeks, a post-test was administered. The results revealed significant (p < 0.05) differences in the specific stress-recovery scales of the RESTQ-sport and in the frequency-domain variables of the HRV, although there were no significant differences in the general stress or general recovery scales. The Yo-Yo IR1 test, the Cooper test scores, and the means of the time-domain HRV variables did not exhibit any significant differences between the pre- and the post-test. The RMSSD variations exhibited very large and large correlations with the performance test and the RESTQ-sport variables, respectively. The variations in the HRV frequency-domain variables exhibited significant moderate and large correlations among the variations of the RESTQ-sport scales. Monitoring athletes at the end of the season may reveal contradictions between some variables. To help with the interpretation of these scales, some external aspects, such as athlete strain and monotony of training, should be considered.
Introduction Should I behave like a child or be friendlier to them? What will they think about me? These are the common thoughts that once must have arisen in every young mind. The transitional phase encompassing the physiological and psychologicalchanges during our lifespan is termed as adolescence. During, adolescence, a network of ‘important people’ is reorganized. In early adolescence, parents occupy this significant position but during mid or late adolescence this position is gradually taken by ‘peers’ ( 1 ). Also, the relationship status with parents and
processes in which the default mode network (DMN) and amygdala also have essential functions. The emotional reset by psilocybin ( Carhart-Harris et al., 2017 ) may create psychologicalchanges and overwrite stress-related unconscious and conscious neuroepigenetic information ( Holloway and González-Maeso, 2015 ). Complex effects of classical hallucinogenic 5-HT2A agonists The classical hallucinogens are commonly divided into two groups. The first group includes indoleamines, such as lysergic acid diethylamide(LSD), and indolealkylamines, such as N
category as a percentage of the number of participants. Most participants entered more than one response. 3.1 Overview Participants most commonly said that their LBP was reduced by: heat/cold (86, 66%), medication (84, 64.1%), and rest (78, 60%). Next most common was activity/exercise (73, 55.7%). Other factors such as seeing a health professional (52, 39.7%), stretching/therapeutic exercise (50, 38.1%), reducing aggravating activities (45, 34.3%), and psychologicalchanges (41, 31.3%) were mentioned less often. Twenty-one of the 574 answers were not
The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with many physical, social, and psychological changes. In addition, adolescents also have to deal with structural changes. An example of one such structural change is the transition from school to university or to other vocational establishments. Structural changes can also entail changes in overall framework conditions and daily life patterns and thus also in dietary habits and physical activity levels. The aim of the present paper was to draw attention to the research deficit in this area with the help of the results of our analyses. The results show that significant changes take place as a consequence of the transition from school to a vocational establishment. However, our analyses could not identify the exact catalysts and the time framework of these changes. In this respect, further research is urgently warranted.