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CHAPTER 6 RADIOISOTOPES In reactors tremendous amounts of useful radioisotopes are produced as byproducts. These are truly a great peacetime byproduct—perhaps most important of the atomic age. — F R O M Isotopes—An Eight-Tear Summary, VOL. 7 OF Selected Reference Material on Atomic Energy (UNITED S T A T E S ATOMIC E N E R G Y COMMISSION, AUGUST 1 9 5 5 ; We have already seen, in Chapter 2, how the nuclei of certain atoms are unstable, giving up their excess energy by emission of several possible types of radiat ion, a lpha, beta, or g a m m a rays

E L E K TR O M E D I Z I N BAND 15/1968 Nr. 2 Extremhyperthermie / Radioisotope AUS DEM STADTKRANKENHAUS WOLFSBURG - INNERE ABTEILUNG (LEITENDER ARZT: DR. MED. HABIL S. KOEPPEN) D. D O M l S C H S. K O E P P E N Vorläufige Mitteilung über die Extremhyperthermie Ende 1965 begannen wir ,am Stadtkrankenhaus Wolfsburg mit der Extremhyperthermie bei Patien- ten mit malignen Tumoren. An elf Patienten mit den Diagnosen: viermal Bronchial-Ca., zweimal Morbus Hodgkin, einmal Magen-Ca., einmal Pro- stata-Ca., einmal Leber-Ca., einmal Retikulo-Sar- koin und einmal Ulous

Klaus Wendt 4 Radioisotope mass spectrometry Aim: The sensitive determination of radionuclides, in no matter what kind of sample, couldmost easily utilize the detection of the emitted radiation. Nevertheless, there are quite a number of situations or special tasks in which this straightforward approach fails or at least is far too insensitive for the envisaged application. These primarily concern ultratrace analytics of lowest radioactivity levels, most often activities of ra- dionuclides of extremely long half-lives. In these cases and in particular when dealing

Radiochimica Acta 34, 1 -7 (1983) © R. Oldenbourg Verlag, München 1983 Cyclotrons for Biomedical Radioisotope Production By ALFRED P. WOLF and W. BARCLAY JONES, Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (Received January 21, 1983) Cyclotrons /Radioisotopes ¡Positron emitters Summary In the past five years there has been significant increase in the acquisition and use of "small" cyclotrons devoted exclusively to use by chemists for the production of biomedically useful radio- nuclides. This review presents a short introduction

radioisotope, but in reality, things are more complicated and even if radioiodine therapy of thyroid diseases has been a tremendous clinical success (5–8), the approach needs optimization and is not directly applicable in other types of cancer. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) of neuroendocrine tumors applies β-emitters 177 Lu or 90 Y for irradiation, an approach that has proved effective in tumors with a high concentration of somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) because the radioisotopes in this setting are mainly absorbed by the tumors or excreted by the kidneys (9

Radiochim. Acta 93, 571–573 (2005) © by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München Highly-pure radioisotopes for life science researches produced at the FLNR JINR accelerators By S. N. Dmitriev and N. G. Zaitseva∗ Flerov Laboratory for Nuclear Reactions (FLNR), Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), 141980 Dubna, Russia (Received December 20, 2004; accepted in final form July 28, 2005) Isotopes / Life science researches / FLNR JINR / Possibilities of production Summary. A short review of recent data concerning de- velopment of production methods of some

Radiochim. Acta 89, 317–324 (2001)  by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München Model calculations and evaluation of nuclear data for medical radioisotope production By Yu. N. Shubin∗ Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, 249020 Obninsk, Russia (Received December 17, 1999; accepted in final form October 6, 2000) Nuclear data / Calculation / Evaluation / Excitation function Summary. A review of recent results on the model cal- culations and evaluations connected with the development of a reference charged particle cross section database for medical

cyclotrons, accelerators or in nuclear reactors, and production is an important and constantly evolving issue. In addition to this different radionuclides play significant roles in technological applications of importance to our daily life as well for scientific research [ 1 , 2 ]. Production cross sections for charged particles especially nuclear reactions on metals which are induced by protons are important in medical radioisotopes production [ 3 , 4 ]. To optimize the production routes, the charged particle induced cross-sections are desired. For the optimization of the

Radiochim. Acta 97, 403–418 (2009) / DOI 10.1524/ract.2009.1630 © by Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, München Gas chemical investigation of hafnium and zirconium complexes with hexafluoroacetylacetone using preseparated short-lived radioisotopes By Ch. E. Düllmann1,2,3,∗, K. E. Gregorich1, G. K. Pang1,2,#, I. Dragojević1 ,2, R. Eichler4,5, C. M. Folden III2,##, M. A. Garcia1,2, J. M. Gates1,2, D. C. Hoffman1,2, S. L. Nelson2,###, R. Sudowe1,#### and H. Nitsche1,2 1 Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 2 College