100 Rechnergestützte Schwerkrankenüberwachung
Band 22 Heft 5/1977
22 (1977), S. 100—105
H. J. Stahl
Zur Behandlung von Störungen bei Biosignalen in der
Coping with Signalinterference in computer-aided monitoring of the
Aus der Neurochirurgischen Klinik der Universität Düsseldorf
Herrn Prof. Dr. med. H. Kuhlendahl gewidmet zum 65. Geburtstag
Der Einsatz von Prozeßrechnern in der Schwerkrankenüberwachung läßt bei der auto-
The present work reports the critical comparison about the employment of three different supporting electrolytes (0.1 mol L−1 HClO4, 0.01 mol L−1 EDTA-Na2 + 0.06 mol L−1 NaCl + 2.0 mol L−1 HClO4 and 0.1 mol L−1 KSCN + 0.001 mol L−1 HClO4) and their instrumental and chemical optimisation for the simultaneous voltammetric determination of total mercury(II) and copper(II) in sediments and sea water at gold electrode, especially discussing the reciprocal interference problems.
The differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetric (DPASV) measurements were carried out using a conventional three-electrode cell: a gold electrode (GE) as working electrode, a platinum wire and an Ag‖AgCl‖KClsat as auxiliary and reference electrodes, respectively.
The analytical procedure was verified by the analysis of standard reference materials: Estuarine Sediment BCR-CRM 277, River Sediment BCR-CRM 320 and Mercury in Water NIST-SRM 1641d.
Once set up on the standard reference materials, the analytical procedure was transferred and applied to sediments and sea waters sampled in a lagoon ecosystem connected with Adriatic Sea (Ravenna area, Italy).
The effect of vibratory disturbance on sexual behaviour and substrate-borne sound communication of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula L. was studied. Disturbance signals do not change the time N. viridula males need to locate the source of vibratory signals, but decrease the number of males responding with the calling and courtship song to calling females. Female N. viridula proceed calling during stimulation with disturbance signals but some of them change the song rhythm by skipping one or more signal intervals or emitting the repelling signals. The number of females which change the dominant frequency of the calling song decreases proportionally with increasing differences between the dominant frequency of the disturbance signals and the emitted female calling song. Variation of the song dominant frequency probably serves females to avoid interference by increasing the signal to noise ratio. Signal duration and repetition rate do not change significantly when the female is stimulated with the disturbance signals. This indicates that frequency shift by calling females is the main strategy for reducing interference by competitive signalers in N. viridula vibrational communication.
The Frequency Offset Effects of NQR of Spin I = 1 for Remote Detection
G. V. Mozjoukhine
Quantum Radiophysics Department, Kaliningrad State University,
ul. Nevskogo, 14, 236040, Kaliningrad
Reprint requests to Dr. G. V. M.; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Z. Naturforsch. 57 a, 297–303 (2002); received January 23, 2002
Presented at the XVIth International Symposium on Nuclear Quadrupole Interactions,
Hiroshima, Japan, September 9-14, 2001.
The frequency offset effects of the signalinterference during steady-state pulse sequences for
remote nuclear quadrupole
The performance of Large-scale MIMO system is degraded by Pilot Contamination. In order to reduce Pilot Contamination, a downlink precoding algorithm is put forward, based on Interference Alignment (IA). The main idea of this algorithm is aligning the pilot contamination and inter-cell interference to the same null space in order to acquire the maximal degrees of freedom. Then the downlink receiving precoding matrix is solved with respect to a maximal SINR (Signal Interference Noise Ratio) criterion. Exploiting the channel reciprocity and an iterative process, Base station and User Equipment switch transmitting and receiving roles in the uplink and downlink, the precoding matrices of the Base station and User Equipment is gradually updated until convergence. Finally, the simulation results have shown that the algorithm proposed can efficiently mitigate the impact of pilot contamination and outperform some popular precoding algorithms, e.g., MF precoding algorithm and MMSE precoding algorithm. When the number of antennas increases, the performance of the proposed algorithm will be greatly improved.
In view of the characteristics of low speed mobile ship network, strong network dynamics and large signal interference, this paper proposes a low-rate mobile sensor network routing algorithm. In mobile wireless sensor networks, network topology changes frequently is a new challenge for resource constrained sensor node. Constantly updated network topology, sensor nodes need to exchange data frequently in order to maintain fresh route, resulting in sensor nodes consume a lot of energy. To solve this problem, to reduce control overhead is considered to be an effctive strategy. In this paper, we present a vector network-based dynamic routes (VNDR) scheme aims to minimize the control cost of the sensor nodes. We propose data exchange based on binary-coded vector address to reduce the control cost, moreover, we present a set of communication rules that govern the routes search procedure thereby requiring little cost of packet analysis to determine the next hop of node. VNDR performance was compared with well known scheme such as SPIN and DD. Simulation results show that, our VNDR scheme reduced the network control overhead and improved network lifetime.
A miniature device enabling parallel in vivo detection of the neurotransmitter choline in multiple brain regions of freely behaving rodents is presented. This is achieved by combining a biosensor microprobe array with a custom-developed CMOS chip. Each silicon microprobe comprises multiple platinum electrodes that are coated with an enzymatic membrane and a permselective layer for selective detection of choline. The biosensors, based on the principle of amperometric detection, exhibit a sensitivity of 157±35 µA mM-1 cm-2, a limit of detection of below 1 µM, and a response time in the range of 1 s. With on-chip digitalization and multiplexing, parallel recordings can be performed at a high signal-to-noise ratio with minimal space requirements and with substantial reduction of external signal interference. The layout of the integrated circuitry allows for versatile configuration of the current range and can, therefore, also be used for functionalization of the electrodes before use. The result is a compact, highly integrated system, very convenient for on-site measurements.
Investigations of back muscle fatigue are important for understanding the role of muscle strain in the development of low back pain. The aim of this contribution is to review the two main techniques used for in vivo investigations of metabolic and electrophysiological changes, namely magnetic resonance phosphorous spectroscopy (31P MRS) and surface electromyography (SEMG), and to report some of our recent results on simultaneous measurements using these techniques during isometric back-muscle contraction in volunteers. Since it appears that electrophysiological and metabolic factors are simultaneously involved in the processes of fatigue and muscle recovery during load application, simultaneous acquisition of complete information is quite promising for obtaining new insights into the metabolic origin of electrophysiological changes or vice versa. Performing these measurements simultaneously, however, is more intricate owing to the occurrence of signal artifacts caused by mutual signal interferences of both techniques. Besides these mutual disturbances, further experimental difficulties are related to spatial limitations within the bore of clinical whole-body high-field magnetic resonance (MR) systems (1.5 T) and the sensitivity of MR measurements to motion-induced artifacts. Our own experimental results are presented, and problems that occur using both techniques simultaneously, as well as possibilities to resolve them, are discussed. The results shed light on the interrelation of electrophysiological and metabolic changes during fatigue of the back muscle while performing an exercise.
The Analytical Method to Evaluate the Gain
for Thulium Doped Fiber Amplifiers 2
Zhang Ruikang, Zhang Wei, Xu Yingqiang,
Huang Yongqing, Ren Xiaomin, Niu Zhichuan
and Wu Ronghan
Polarization Dependent Characteristics of a Resonant
Cavity Enhanced Photodetector 5
Mihajlo Stefanovic, Dragan Draca, Petar Spalevic,
The Influence of Crosstalk SignalInterference
to Signal Propagation along the Nonlinear and
Dispersive Fiber 9
Yan Deng, Jianguo Chen, Lan Lan, Dan Lu,
Transition Dynamics between Bistable States
of Diode Lasers tightly