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4 Trade unions and workplace organization Regulating labour markets in the Belgian and American flat-glass industry and in the Amsterdam diamond industry (c. 1880-1940)* Abstract In the nineteenth century in many manufacturing industries, the organiza- tion of the labour process took the form of internal subcontracting. The emergence of craft unions was often closely related to this system. These unions aspired to control labour markets for an elite of skilled workers. Craft unions emerged in the nineteenth century, but from the end of that century and in

computers or smart phones, represent technologies of the digital transformation that are likely to change organizational processes and structures. The objective of the present paper is to explore the impact of using digital ICT devices on workplace organization and especially on the allocation of decision rights among employees at different hierarchical levels. From a theoretical point of view, the impact of ICT on workplace organization is ambiguous. On the one hand, theory suggests that ICT enable employees to get access to new information and knowledge, which in turn

Tools für den Arbeitsalltag in Kultur- und Bildungseinrichtungen
Series: Praxiswissen

Summary

The aim of the study was to identify the main ergonomic and organizational risks contributing to stress, visual and musculoskeletal disorders in open plan office workers. A total of 73 subjects of mean age 28.3 ±4.7 years were studied. Measurements of salivary cortisol and self-ratings for strain, fatigue, stress symptoms, visual and musculoskeletal complaints were performed. The work places were organized well, but the studied staff reported high work load and time pressure. The data showed higher cortisol levels during the workday under time pressure. High incidence of visual and musculoskeletal complaints mainly in the region of the back and the neck were found, associated with flickering and blinks on the screen monitors and overtime. Optimizing workplace organization could help reduce stress and health complaints of office staff.

Analysis of ERP Systems Implementation in the Construction Enterprises

Effective work requires integrated systems that can share access to a common data set. Integrated workplace organizations in the construction company are requiring enterprise resource planning (ERP)-type systems that, in turn, tie together all relevant logistic, facilities, human resource, financial, and project data into a single, shared database. Unfortunately, many ERP systems make things more complex for construction business. The reality is that few ERP systems are vertically integrated for use in construction, and most of them are very complicate and ultimately difficult to implement. In addition, suppliers of ERP systems, for example iScala, SAP, Oracle and etc., must work with consultants and integrators to provide normal systems job after implementation.

The purpose of the research is to identify, investigate, analyze and systematize the factors that can influence creation and functioning of the ERP system in a company and create metodology of ERP system implementation. ERP system modules for construction enterprise were evaluated, benefits and risks of ERP system were summarized.

Abstract

In the performance a variety of technological operations a human may come into contact with a variety of factors causing deterioration of safety at work. As an example of which is described in article, adhesive bonding operations are requiring use of specific chemicals, which are adhesives. They are produced on the basis of a variety of compounds, often hazardous to human health. Furthermore, adhesive bonding requires a series of preparatory operations such as degreasing or surface preparation with a specific structure and roughness and auxiliary operations such as measurement of the wettability of surface. In this paper are described examples of risks occurring during adhesive bonding, it is a simple way to estimate the risks associated with the performance of operations. The examples of the determination by the producers of chemicals are described which are used in adhesive bonding and fragment of international chemical safety card (ICSC), as a source of information important to the workplace organization and ensuring safety during adhesive bonding.

A Study of Workplace Organization on Both Sides of the Iron Curtain